Correlates of the categories of adolescent attachment styles: Perceived rearing, family function, early life events, and personality
Article first published online: 13 FEB 2008
© 2008 The Authors
Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Volume 62, Issue 1, pages 65–74, February 2008
How to Cite
Tanaka, N., Hasui, C., Uji, M., Hiramura, H., Chen, Z., Shikai, N. and Kitamura, T. (2008), Correlates of the categories of adolescent attachment styles: Perceived rearing, family function, early life events, and personality. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 62: 65–74. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1819.2007.01777.x
- Issue published online: 13 FEB 2008
- Article first published online: 13 FEB 2008
- Received 28 March 2007; revised 31 August 2007; accepted 7 September 2007.
- adult attachment style;
- family function;
- perceived rearing;
Aims: To identify the psychosocial correlates of adolescents.
Methods: Unmarried university students (n = 4226) aged 18–23 years were examined in a questionnaire survey.
Results: Four clusters of people (indifferent, secure, fearful, and preoccupied) identified by cluster analysis were plotted in 2-D using discriminant function analysis with the first function (father's and mother's Care, Cooperativeness, and family Cohesion on the positive end and Harm Avoidance and father's and mother's Overprotection on the negative end) representing the Self-model and the second function (Reward Dependence and experience of Peer Victimization on the positive end and Self-directedness on the negative end) representing the Other model.
Conclusions: These findings partially support Bartholomew's notion that adult attachment is based on the good versus bad representations of the self and the other and that it is influenced by psychosocial environments experienced over the course of development.