Factor structure of the Japanese Interpersonal Competence Scale
Version of Record online: 14 APR 2008
© 2008 The Authors
Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Volume 62, Issue 2, pages 142–151, April 2008
How to Cite
Matsudaira, T., Fukuhara, T. and Kitamura, T. (2008), Factor structure of the Japanese Interpersonal Competence Scale. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 62: 142–151. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1819.2008.01747.x
- Issue online: 14 APR 2008
- Version of Record online: 14 APR 2008
- Received 27 October 2006; revised 4 October 2007; accepted 8 November 2007.
- Japanese culture;
- rating scale;
- social competence
Aim: Assessing social competence is important for clinical and preventive interventions of depression. The aim of the present paper was to examine the factor structure of the Japanese Interpersonal Competence Scale (JICS).
Methods: Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis was performed on the survey responses of 730 participants. Simultaneous multigroup analyses were conducted to confirm factor stability across psychological health status and sex differences.
Results: Two factors, which represent Perceptive Ability and Self-Restraint, were confirmed to show a moderate correlation. Perceptive Ability involves a more cognitive aspect of social competence, while Self-Restraint involves a more behavioral aspect, both of which are considered to reflect the emotion-based relating style specific to the Japanese people: indulgent dependence (amae) and harmony (wa). In addition, Self-Restraint may be linked to social functioning. Both constructs may confound a respondent's perceived confidence.
Conclusion: Despite its shortcomings, the JICS is a unique measure of social competence in the Japanese cultural context.