Patterns of temperament and character in a clinical sample of Korean children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

Authors


*Jun-Won Hwang, MD, PhD, Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Yeongeon-dong, Chongno-gu, Seoul 110-744, Korea. Email: huangjw1@snu.ac.kr

Abstract

Aims:  The purpose of the present study was to assess patterns of temperament and character in a clinical sample of Korean children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and to investigate the relationship between patterns of temperament and character and the severity of ADHD symptoms.

Methods:  Fifty-one children who met DSM-IV criteria for ADHD and 51 age- and sex-matched healthy comparison subjects completed the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory (JTCI) and the DuPaul's ADHD Rating Scale (ARS-IV).

Results:  Children with ADHD had significantly higher scores of Novelty Seeking and lower scores of Self-directedness in both parents' rating and children's self-rating. In addition, low Self-directedness scores predicted higher total scores of ARS-IV.

Conclusions:  In a clinical sample of Korean children with ADHD, a distinct pattern of temperament and character was found. The current findings suggest that low Self-directedness may be related to the severity of ADHD symptoms.

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