Burden and coping strategies in mothers of patients with schizophrenia in Japan


*Setsuko Hanzawa, PhD, School of Nursing, Jichi Medical University, Yakushiji 3311-159, Shimotsukeshi, Tochigi 329-0498, Japan. Email: hanzawa@jichi.ac.jp


Aim:  The present study was conducted to identify factors contributing to burden of care in 57 mothers caring for patients with schizophrenia.

Methods:  Members of the Federation of Families of People with Mental Illness in Nagasaki Prefecture were evaluated using well-validated scales to evaluate burden of care (eight-item short version of the Japanese version of the Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview), general health status (General Health Questionnaire 12-item version), difficulty in life, coping strategies, emotional support, and understanding of mental illness and disorders.

Results:  Burden of care was significantly associated with general health status and difficulty in life.

Conclusion:  On multiple regression it was found that ‘social interests’ and ‘resignation’, both of which are the subscales of coping strategies, exerted significant and independent effects with respect to burden of care.