Alexithymia and temperament and character model of personality in alcohol-dependent Turkish men
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2008
© 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology
Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Volume 62, Issue 4, pages 371–378, August 2008
How to Cite
Evren, C., Kose, S., Sayar, K., Ozcelik, B., Borckardt, J. P., Elhai, J. D. and Cloninger, C. R. (2008), Alexithymia and temperament and character model of personality in alcohol-dependent Turkish men. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 62: 371–378. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1819.2008.01829.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2008
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2008
- Received 14 August 2006; revised 22 April 2008; accepted 23 May 2008.
Aims: Alexithymia, a personality trait characterized as having problems identifying, describing, and working with one's own feelings, often marked by a lack of understanding of the feelings of others, is only partly described within the context of personality. The aim of the present study was therefore to study the prevalence of alexithymia among male alcohol-dependent inpatients and investigate the relationship between alexithymia and the dimensions of Cloninger's psychobiological model of personality.
Methods: The Turkish version of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and the Turkish version of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) were administered to 111 male alcohol-dependent inpatients.
Results: TAS-20 scores correlated positively with harm avoidance and self-transcendence and negatively with self-directedness and cooperativeness. Regression analysis identified high harm avoidance and self-transcendence and low self-directedness as independent predictors of alexithymia. Also harm avoidance and self-transcendence predicted alexithymia in a logistic regression model.
Conclusions: Alexithymia can be explained by specific dimensions within Cloninger's psychobiological model of personality in alcohol-dependent Turkish men.