SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Ellason JW, Ross CA, Sainton K, Mayran LW. Axis I and II comorbidity and childhood trauma history in chemical dependency. Bull. Menninger Clin. 1996; 60: 3951.
  • 2
    Ross CA, Kronson J, Koensgen S, Barkman K, Clark P, Rockman G. Dissociative disorder comorbidity in 100 chemically dependent patients. Hosp. Community Psychiatry 1992; 43: 840842.
  • 3
    Dunn GE, Ryan JJ, Paolo AM, Van Fleet JN. Comorbidity of dissociative disorders among patients with substance use disorders. Psychiatr. Serv. 1995; 46: 153156.
  • 4
    Ogel K, Tamar D. Drug Use and Addiction Training Program for Schools, Student Survey Results]. Prive, Istanbul, 1996 (in Turkish).
  • 5
    Ogel K, Tamar D, Evren C, Cakmak D. Tobacco, alcohol and drug use among high school students. Turk. J. Psychiatry 2001; 12: 4752 (in Turkish).
  • 6
    Ogel K, Corapcioglu A, Sir A et al. Prevalence of tobacco, alcohol and substance use among elementary and secondary school students in nine cities of Turkey. Turk. J. Psychiatry 2004; 15: 112118 (in Turkish).
  • 7
    Windle M, Windle RC, Scheidt DM, Miller GB. Physical and sexual abuse and associated mental disorders among alcoholic inpatients. Am. J. Psychiatry 1995; 152: 13221328.
  • 8
    Carrion VG, Steiner H. Trauma and dissociation in delinquent adolescents. J. Am. Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry 2000; 39: 353359.
  • 9
    Sar V, Akyüz G, Dogan O. Prevalence of dissociative disorders among women in the general population. Psychiatry Res. 2007; 149: 169176.
  • 10
    Evren C, Kural S, Cakmak D. Clinical correlates of childhood abuse and neglect in substance dependents. Addict. Behav. 2006; 31: 475485.
  • 11
    Zlotnick C, Shea MT, Recupero P, Bidadi K, Pearlstein T, Brown P. Trauma, dissociation, impulsivity, and self-mutilation among substance abuse patients. Am. J. Orthopsychiatry 1997; 67: 650654.
  • 12
    Kaplan ML, Erensaft M, Sanderson WC, Wetzler S, Foote B, Asnis GM. Dissociative symptomatology and aggressive behavior. Compr. Psychiatry 1998; 39: 271276.
  • 13
    Roy A. Relationship of childhood trauma to age of first suicide attempt and number of attempts in substance dependent patients. Acta Psychiatr. Scand. 2004; 109: 121125.
  • 14
    Bernstein EM, Putnam FW. Development, reliability, and validity of a dissociation scale. J. Nerv. Ment. Dis. 1986; 174: 727735.
  • 15
    Carlson EB, Putnam FW. An update on the Dissociative Experience Scale. Dissociation 1993; 6: 1627.
  • 16
    Sar V, Yargic LI, Tutkun H. Turkish version of the dissociative experiences scale.] In : Aydemir O, Koroglu E (eds). Psikiyatride Kullanilan Klinik Ölcekler (Clinical Scales in Psychiatry). Hekimler Yayin Birligi, Ankara, 2000; 225230 (in Turkish).
  • 17
    Yargic LI, Sar V, Tutkun H. The reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Dissociative Experience Scale. Dissociation 1995; 8: 1013.
  • 18
    Sar V, Kundakci T, Kiziltan E, Bakim B, Yargic LI, Tutkun H. Reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES-II).] In : Proceedings of the 33rd National Congress of Psychiatry. Turkish Psychiatric Association, Antalya, 1997; 5564 (in Turkish).
  • 19
    Yargic LI, Sar V, Tutkun H, Alyanak B. Comparison of dissociative identity disorder with other diagnostic groups using a structured interview in Turkey. Compr. Psychiatry 1998; 39: 345351.
  • 20
    Ross CA, Heber S, Norton GR, Anderson D, Anderson G, Burchet P. The Dissociative Disorders Interview Schedule: A structured interview. Dissociation 1989; 2: 169189.
  • 21
    Steinberg M. Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Dissociative Disorders – Revised (SCID-D-R). American Psychiatric Press, Washington, DC, 1994.
  • 22
    Sar V, Kundakci T, Kiziltan E et al. Axis I dissociative disorder comorbidity of borderline personality disorder among psychiatric outpatients. J. Trauma Dissociation 2003; 4: 119136.
  • 23
    Tutkun H, Sar V, Yargic I, Ozpulat T, Yanik M, Kiziltan E. Frequency of dissociative disorders among psychiatric inpatients in a Turkish university clinic. Am. J. Psychiatry 1998; 155: 800805.
  • 24
    Dunn GE, Paolo AM, Ryan JJ, Van Fleet J. Dissociative symptoms in a substance abuse population. Am. J. Psychiatry 1993; 150: 10431047.
  • 25
    Sar V, Akyuz G, Kundakci T, Kiziltan E, Dogan O. Childhood trauma, dissociation, and psychiatric comorbidity in patients with conversion disorder. Am. J. Psychiatry 2004; 161: 22712276.
  • 26
    Sar V, Yargic LI, Tutkun H. Structured interview data of 35 cases of dissociative identity disorder in Turkey. Am. J. Psychiatry 1996; 153: 13291333.
  • 27
    Saxe GN, Chinman G, Berkowitz R et al. Somatization in patients with dissociative disorders. Am. J. Psychiatry 1994; 151: 13291334.
  • 28
    Hudziak JJ, Boffeli TJ, Kriesman JJ, Battaglia MM, Stanger C, Guze SB. Clinical study of the relation of borderline personality disorder to Briquet's syndrome (hysteria), somatization disorder, antisocial personality disorder, and substance abuse disorders. Am. J. Psychiatry 1996; 153: 15981606.
  • 29
    Somer E. Prediction of abstinence from heroin addiction by childhood trauma, dissociation, and extent of psychosocial treatment. Addict. Res. Theory 2003; 11: 339348.
  • 30
    Brewin CR, Andrews B, Gotlib IH. Psychopathology and early experience: A reappraisal of retrospective reports. Psychol. Bull. 1993; 113: 8298.
  • 31
    Kolodner G, Frances R. Recognizing dissociative disorders in patients with chemical dependency. Hosp. Community Psychiatry 1993; 44: 10411043.
  • 32
    Kluft RP. The difficult-to-treat patient with dissociative disorder. In : Dewan MJ, Pies RW (eds). The Difficult-to-Treat Psychiatric Patient. American Psychiatric Press, Washington, DC, 2001; 209242.
  • 33
    Hodgins DC, Pennington M, El-Guebaly N, Dufour M. Correlates of dissociative symptoms in substance abusers. J. Nerv. Ment. Dis. 1996; 184: 636639.
  • 34
    Dunn GE, Ryan JJ, Dunn CE. Trauma symptoms in substance abusers with and without histories of childhood abuse. J. Psychoactive Drugs 1994; 46: 153156.
  • 35
    Langeland W, Draijer N, van den Brink W. Trauma and dissociation in treatment-seeking alcoholics: Towards a resolution of inconsistent findings. Compr. Psychiatry 2002; 43: 195203.
  • 36
    Van Den Bosch LM, Verheul R, Langeland W, Van Den Brink W. Trauma, dissociation, and posttraumatic stress disorder in female borderline patients with and without substance abuse problems. Aust. N. Z. J. Psychiatry 2003; 37: 549555.
  • 37
    Pirard S, Sharon E, Kang SK, Angarita GA, Gastfriend DR. Prevalence of physical and sexual abuse among substance abuse patients and impact on treatment outcomes. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2005; 78: 5764.
  • 38
    Foote B, Smolin Y, Neft DI, Lipschitz D. Dissociative disorders and suicidality in psychiatric outpatients. J. Nerv. Ment. Dis. 2008; 196: 2936.
  • 39
    Simeon D, Guralnik O, Schmeidler J, Sirof B, Knutelska M. The role of childhood interpersonal trauma in depersonalization disorder. Am. J. Psychiatry 2001; 158: 10271033.
  • 40
    Sar V, Koyuncu A, Öztürk E et al. Dissociative disorders in the psychiatric emergency ward. Gen. Hosp. Psychiatry 2007; 29: 4550.
  • 41
    Putnam FW, Guroff JJ, Silberman EK, Barban L, Post RM. The clinical phenomenology of multiple personality disorder: Review of 100 recent cases. J. Clin. Psychiatry 1986; 47: 285293.
  • 42
    Endo T, Sugiyama T, Someya T Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and dissociative disorder among abused children. Psychiatry Clin. Neurosci. 2006; 60: 434438.
  • 43
    Oedegaard KJ, Neckelmann D, Benazzi F, Syrstad VE, Akiskal HS, Fasmer OB. Dissociative experiences differentiate bipolar-II from unipolar depressed patients: The mediating role of cyclothymia and the Type A behaviour speed and impatience subscale. J. Affect. Disord. 2008; 108: 207216.
  • 44
    Zoroglu SS, Tüzün Ü, Sar V et al. Suicide attempts and self-mutilation among Turkish high-school students in relation to abuse, neglect and dissociation. Psychiatry Clin. Neurosci. 2003; 57: 119126.