New perspectives on techniques for the clinical psychiatrist: Brain stimulation, chronobiology and psychiatric brain imaging
Article first published online: 24 NOV 2008
© 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology
Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Volume 62, Issue 6, pages 627–637, December 2008
How to Cite
Zanardi, R., Barbini, B., Rossini, D., Bernasconi, A., Fregni, F., Padberg, F., Rossi, S., Wirz-Justice, A., Terman, M., Martiny, K., Bersani, G., Hariri, A. R., Pezawas, L., Roiser, J. P., Bertolino, A., Calabrese, G., Magri, L., Benedetti, F., Pontiggia, A., Malaguti, A., Smeraldi, E. and Colombo, C. (2008), New perspectives on techniques for the clinical psychiatrist: Brain stimulation, chronobiology and psychiatric brain imaging. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 62: 627–637. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1819.2008.01863.x
- Issue published online: 24 NOV 2008
- Article first published online: 24 NOV 2008
- Received 17 May 2007; revised 5 May 2008; accepted 2 September 2008.
- transcranial magnetic stimulation
This review summarizes a scientific dialogue between representatives in non-pharmacological treatment options of affective disorders. Among the recently introduced somatic treatments for depression those with most evidenced efficacy will be discussed. The first part of this article presents current opinions about the clinical applications of transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of depression. The second part explains the most relevant uses of chronobiology in mood disorders, while the last part deals with the main perspectives on brain imaging techniques in psychiatry. The aim was to bridge gaps between the research evidence and clinical decisions, and reach an agreement on several key points of chronobiological and brain stimulation techniques, as well as on relevant objectives for future research.