• 1
    Gross M, Nakamura L, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Has repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) treatment for depression improved? A systematic review and meta-analysis comparing the recent vs. the earlier rTMS studies. Acta Psychiatr. Scand. 2007; 116: 165173.
  • 2
    Loo CK, Mitchell PB. A review of the efficacy of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) treatment for depression, and current and future strategies to optimize efficacy. J. Affect. Disord. 2005; 88: 255267.
  • 3
    Sachdev PS, McBride R, Loo C, Mitchell PM, Malhi GS, Croker V. Effects of different frequencies of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) on the forced swim test model of depression in rats. Biol. Psychiatry. 2002; 51: 474479.
  • 4
    Loo C. TMS in the treatment of major depressive disorder. In: WassermannE, EpsteinC, ZiemannU, WalshV, PausT, LisanbyS (eds). The Oxford Handbook of Transcranial Stimulation. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2008; 633660.
  • 5
    Post A, Keck ME. Transcranial magnetic stimulation as a therapeutic tool in psychiatry: what do we know about the neurobiological mechanisms? J. Psychiatr. Res. 2001; 35: 193215.
  • 6
    Sahay A, Hen R. Adult hippocampal neurogenesis in depression. Nat. Neurosci. 2007; 10: 11101115.
  • 7
    Santarelli L, Saxe M, Gross C et al. Requirement of hippocampal neurogenesis for the behavioral effects of antidepressants. Science 2003; 301: 805809.
  • 8
    Madsen TM, Treschow A, Bengzon J, Bolwig TG, Lindvall O, Tingström A. Increased neurogenesis in a model of electroconvulsive therapy. Biol. Psychiatry. 2000; 47: 10431049.
  • 9
    Malberg JE, Eisch AJ, Nestler EJ, Duman RS. Chronic antidepressant treatment increases neurogenesis in adult rat hippocampus. J. Neurosci. 2000; 20: 91049110.
  • 10
    Scott BW, Wojtowicz JM, Burnham WM. Neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of the rat following electroconvulsive shock seizures. Exp. Neurol. 2000; 165: 231236.
  • 11
    Perera TD, Coplan JD, Lisanby SH et al. Antidepressant-induced neurogenesis in the hippocampus of adult nonhuman primates. J. Neurosci. 2007; 27: 48944901.
  • 12
    Czéh B, Welt T, Fischer AK et al. Chronic psychosocial stress and concomitant repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation: effects on stress hormone levels and adult hippocampal neurogenesis. Biol. Psychiatry. 2002; 52: 10571065.
  • 13
    Paxinos G, Watson C. The Rat Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates. Academic Press, Sidney, 1986.
  • 14
    Keck ME, Welt T, Post A et al. Neuroendocrine and behavioral effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in a psychopathological animal model are suggestive of antidepressant-like effects. Neuropsychopharmacology 2001; 24: 337349.