• 1
    Salize HJ, Schanda H, Dressing H. From the hospital into the community and back again – a trend towards re-institutionalisation in mental health care? Int. Rev. Psychiatry 2008; 20: 527534.
  • 2
    Weisstub DN, Carney T. Forensic mental health law reform in Japan: from criminal warehousing to broad-spectrum specialist services? Int. J. Law Psychiatry 2006; 29: 86100.
  • 3
    Nakatani Y, Kojimoto M, Matsubara S, Takayanagi I. New legislation for offenders with mental disorders in Japan. Int. J. Law Psychiatry 2009; 33: 712.
  • 4
    Masaki T. Rippo to Chousa (Serial online). 2007; 264, House of Councilors, The National Diet of Japan.
  • 5
    Koike J, Morita N, Nakatani Y. A nationwide questionnaire survey of medical experts in mental health evaluation. Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi 2009; 111: 1023 (in Japanese).
  • 6
    Nakatani Y. Psychiatry and the law in Japan. History and current topics. Int. J. Law Psychiatry 2000; 23: 589604.
  • 7
    Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. Ishi Shikaishi Yakuzaishi Chousa [National survey of physicians, dentists, and pharmacists in 2006]. 2006. [Cited 20 June 2007]. Available from URL: (last accessed 15 December 2010) (in Japanese).
  • 8
    Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. Enforcement status of the MTS Act. 2008.
  • 9
    Hirata T. Significance of pre-indictment psychiatric evaluation after enforcement of the medical treatment observation law. Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi 2006; 108: 502509 (in Japanese).
  • 10
    Hirata T, Nakajima N, Yoshioka R et al. Preliminary reports on psychiatric practice in correctional facilities. Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi 2004; 106: 15391582 (in Japanese).
  • 11
    Nakatani Y, Homma K, Minoshita S. Questionnaire survey on the utilization of forensic psychiatric evidence in criminal proceedings. Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi 2002; 104: 158167 (in Japanese).
  • 12
    Obata S, Hashizume K, Wada K, Minoshita S, Morita N, Nakatani Y. A questionnaire survey on judgment of criminal responsibility. Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi 2005; 107: 437455 (in Japanese).
  • 13
    Strasburger LH, Miller PM, Commons ML, Gutheil TG, LaLlave J. Stress and the forensic psychiatrist: a pilot study. J. Am. Acad. Psychiatry Law 2003; 31: 1826.
  • 14
    Tsuchiya KJ, Takei N. Focus on psychiatry in Japan. Br. J. Psychiatry 2004; 184: 8892.
  • 15
    Akazaki Y, Kodama K, Morioka Y, Fukusako T, Ueyama K, Sano A. Current status and the tasks of forensic psychiatry in Kagoshima prefecture, Japan. Jpn. J. Clin. Psychiatry 2007; 35: 10831091 (in Japanese).