Parental bonding in patients with eating disorders and self-injurious behavior
Article first published online: 20 APR 2011
© 2011 The Authors. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences © 2011 Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology
Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Volume 65, Issue 3, pages 272–279, April 2011
How to Cite
Fujimori, A., Wada, Y., Yamashita, T., Choi, H., Nishizawa, S., Yamamoto, H. and Fukui, K. (2011), Parental bonding in patients with eating disorders and self-injurious behavior. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 65: 272–279. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1819.2011.02192.x
- Issue published online: 20 APR 2011
- Article first published online: 20 APR 2011
- Received 12 August 2010; revised 20 December 2010; accepted , 12 January 2011.
- eating disorder;
- maturity fear;
- Parental Bonding Instrument;
- paternal care;
- self-injurious behavior
Aim: The goal of the study was to investigate the correlations among parental bonding patterns, eating disorders (ED) and self-injurious behavior (SIB).
Methods: The subjects were 80 patients with ED who were divided into two groups based on those that had (n = 25) and had not engaged in SIB at least once in the last month. The patients and 120 healthy control subjects were evaluated using the Eating Disorder Inventory and the Parental Bonding Instrument.
Results: On the Parental Bonding Instrument, the ED + SIB group showed significantly lower paternal care compared with the ED/no SIB and control groups. On the Eating Disorder Inventory, the ED + SIB group showed higher body dissatisfaction, and increased maturity fear compared with the other two groups. The total scores and perfectionism and interoceptive awareness differed significantly among the three groups.
Conclusion: ED + SIB patients had a more severe ED pathology than ED/no SIB patients, and also felt that they had received low paternal care during childhood. Therefore, paternal care may be linked to severe ED pathology.