To clarify the association of the P27 degradation pathway proteins, Skp2 and Jab1, with the development and progression of lung adenocarcinoma (AD), we immunohistochemically investigated Skp2 and Jab1 expression together with P27- and Ki-67-labeling in 110 lung AD and 11 atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH) and analyzed the relationship between the expression of these proteins and the clinicopathological factors. High Skp2 or Jab1 expression was frequent in lung AD (52/110, 47%, and 59/110, 54%, respectively), and high expression of Jab1 was also frequent in AAH (4/11, 36%), while it was not observed in normal bronchiolar epithelium. The P27 labeling index (LI) was reciprocally correlated with high Skp2 and Jab1 expression, and a higher Ki-67 LI was significantly correlated with high Skp2 and Jab1 expression. However, low P27 expression did not correlate with a higher Ki-67 LI. High Skp2 lung AD showed significant correlation with blood and lymphatic vessel invasion, which low P27 expression did not correlate with. Furthermore, high Skp2 expression in lung AD was significantly correlated with a poor outcome for patients. Thus, Skp2 and Jab1 regulate P27 degradation, and might contribute to the development and progression of lung AD through P27-mediated and –unmediated mechanisms.