Emmprin (basigin/CD147): Matrix metalloproteinase modulator and multifunctional cell recognition molecule that plays a critical role in cancer progression
Article first published online: 21 JUN 2006
Volume 56, Issue 7, pages 359–367, July 2006
How to Cite
Nabeshima, K., Iwasaki, H., Koga, K., Hojo, H., Suzumiya, J. and Kikuchi, M. (2006), Emmprin (basigin/CD147): Matrix metalloproteinase modulator and multifunctional cell recognition molecule that plays a critical role in cancer progression. Pathology International, 56: 359–367. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1827.2006.01972.x
- Issue published online: 21 JUN 2006
- Article first published online: 21 JUN 2006
- Received 25 November 2005. Accepted for publication 26 January 2006.
- cell–cell interaction;
- matrix metalloproteinases;
- tumor invasion;
- tumor progression
Emmprin (basigin, CD147) is a cell surface glycoprotein that belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily. It is highly expressed on the surface of tumor cells and stimulates adjacent fibroblasts or tumor cells to produce matrix metalloproteinases. Moreover, it has recently been shown that emmprin also stimulates expression of vascular endothelial growth factor and hyaluronan, which leads to angiogenesis and anchorage-independent growth/multidrug resistance, respectively. These findings have made emmprin an important molecule in tumor progression and, thus, more attractive as a target for antitumor treatment. However, other functions of emmprin, including as an activator of T cells, a chaperone for monocarboxylate transporters, a receptor for cyclophilin A and a neural recognition molecule, are also being identified in physiological and pathological conditions. Therefore, it is essential to develop specific means to control particular functions of emmprin, for which elucidation of each mechanism is crucial. This review will discuss the role of emmprin in tumor progression and recent advances in the molecular mechanisms of diverse phenomena regulated by emmprin.