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IgG4-related inflammatory aneurysm of the aortic arch

Authors


Mitsuaki Ishida, MD, Department of Clinical Laboratory Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science, Tsukinowa-cho, Seta, Otsu, Shiga 520-2192, Japan. Email: mitsuaki@belle.shiga-med.ac.jp

Abstract

IgG4-related sclerosing disease can occur in the cardiovascular system and some inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms have been shown to belong to IgG4-related sclerosing disease. Herein is reported a case of IgG4-related inflammatory aortic aneurysm of the aortic arch. A 71-year-old Japanese man was found to have an aneurysm of the aortic arch with maximum dimension of 5.5 cm. The surgically resected aneurysm wall had conspicuous fibrosclerotic changes, dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltration and occasional obliterative phlebitis in the adventitia; the thickness of the adventitia was 6.5 mm. Immunohistochemistry indicated numerous IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltrates; 84% of the IgG-bearing cells were IgG4 positive. The diagnosis of IgG4-related inflammatory aortic aneurysm of the aortic arch was made. Although previously reported IgG4-related inflammatory aortic aneurysms were confined to the abdominal aorta, the present case report demonstrates that IgG4-related inflammatory aortic aneurysm can occur in the aortic arch, thereby extending the spectrum of IgG4-related periaortitis. Further studies are needed to clarify the spectrum of IgG4-related sclerosing disease in the cardiovascular system.

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