Selective disappearance of maternal centrioles after fertilization in the anisogamous brown alga Cutleria cylindrica (Cutleriales, Phaeophyceae): Paternal inheritance of centrioles is universal in the brown algae


  • Communicating editon: H. Kawai.


The behavior of centrioles in zygotes and female gametes developing parthenogenetically in the anisogamous brown alga Cutieria cyiindrica Okamura was studied using electron and immunofluorescence microscopy. Two pairs of centrioles, detected using anti-centrin antibody, were observed in the vicinity of the male and female nuclei, respectively, just after plasmogamy. The fluorescence intensity of one of the two centrin foci became weak 6 h after plasmogamy and finally disappeared. It was impossible to determine whether the male- or female-derived centrioles disappeared in zygotes, because there was nothing to detect morphological differences between the two centrioles. However, a prominent anti-centrin staining focus was located at the condensed male nucleus in zygotes in which karyogamy had not occurred yet. As a result, it was considered that the maternally inherited centrioles had selectively disappeared during development in C. cylindrica. The paternal inheritance of centrioles in zygotes was also confirmed by electron microscopy. Considering previous observations from oogamous and isogamous species of brown algae, we concluded that the paternal inheriance of centrioles could be universal in the brown algae.