• 7S collagen;
  • idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis;
  • type IV collagen

Abstract Type IV collagen is one of the major components of the basement membrane (BM). 7S domain (7S collagen) of type IV collagen is an N-terminal peptide which is stable against protease and heat. We investigated serum concentration of 7S collagen in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and other pulmonary diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether changes in the serum concentration of 7S collagen reflect the fibrotic process of IPF. We measured the concentration of serum 7S collagen with radioimmunoassay in patients with IPF, chronic pulmonary emphysema (CPE), sarcoidosis, infectious pulmonary diseases (IPD) and normal healthy controls. We also monitored 7S collagen during the clinical course in some patients with IPF and investigated the correlation between the serum 7S collagen, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and erthrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) in patients with IPF. Patients with IPF showed significantly higher serum concentration of 7S collagen than other pulmonary diseases and healthy controls. The serum concentration of 7S collagen significantly decreased in IPF patients who showed roentgenographic improvement after corticosteroid treatment. There was a correlation between the serum 7S collagen and LDH, and ESR. In conclusion, serum concentrations of 7S collagen increase in patients with IPE The measurement of 7S collagen is useful for the evaluation of fibrotic change in the lung.