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REFERENCES

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  • 2
    Hodge S, Hodge G, Ahern J et al. Smoking alters alveolar macrophage recognition and phagocytic ability: implications in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 2007; 37: 74855.
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    Hodge S, Hodge G, Brozyna S et al. Azithromycin increases phagocytosis of apoptotic bronchial epithelial cells by alveolar macrophages. Eur. Respir. J. 2006; 28: 48695.
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    Hodge S, Hodge G, Holmes M et al. Increased airway epithelial and T-cell apoptosis in COPD remains despite smoking cessation. Eur. Respir. J. 2005; 25: 44754.
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    Taylor AE, Finney-Hayward TK, Quint JK et al. Defective macrophage phagocytosis of bacteria in COPD. Eur. Respir. J. 2010; 35: 103947.
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    Hodge S, Hodge G, Jersmann H et al. Azithromycin improves macrophage phagocytic function and expression of mannose receptor in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 2008; 178: 13948.
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    Seemungal TA, Wilkinson TM, Hurst JR et al. Long-term erythromycin therapy is associated with decreased chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 2008; 178: 113947.
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    Patel KB, Xuan D, Tessier PR et al. Comparison of bronchopulmonary pharmacokinetics of clarithromycin and azithromycin. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 1996; 40: 23759.
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    Rodvold KA, Gotfried MH, Danziger LH et al. Intrapulmonary steady-state concentrations of clarithromycin and azithromycin in healthy adult volunteers. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 1997; 41: 1399402.
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    Hand WL, Boozer RM, King-Thompson NL. Antibiotic uptake by alveolar macrophages of smokers. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 1985; 27: 425.