• Open Access

Air pollution: Impact and prevention

Authors

  • MARTHA PATRICIA SIERRA-VARGAS,

    1. National Institute for Respiratory Diseases ‘Ismael Cosío Villegas’, México
    Search for more papers by this author
  • LUIS M. TERAN

    Corresponding author
    1. National Institute for Respiratory Diseases ‘Ismael Cosío Villegas’, México
    2. Biomedicine in the Post-Genomic Era, Huitzilac, Morelos, Mexico
      Luis M. Teran, Calzada Tlalpan 4502, México 14080, Mexico. Email: lmteran@iner.gob.mx
    Search for more papers by this author

  • The Authors: Dr Patricia Sierra-Vargas (MD, MSc, PhD), is a researcher at the Biochemistry and Environmental Medicine Department at the Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias ‘Ismael Cosío Villegas’ and Chair Lecturer of Biochemistry at La Salle University, School of Medicine. Her academic work focuses principally on oxidative stress and the impact of environmental contamination on human health. Professor Luis M. Teran (MD, PhD) is Founder of Biomedicine in the Post-Genomic Era and leads a multidisciplinary research team on Allergy and Immunology at the Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias ‘Ismael Cosío Villegas’ and Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (School of Medicine).

  • SERIES EDITORS: IAN YANG AND STEPHEN HOLGATE

Luis M. Teran, Calzada Tlalpan 4502, México 14080, Mexico. Email: lmteran@iner.gob.mx

ABSTRACT

Air pollution is becoming a major health problem that affects millions of people worldwide. In support of this observation, the World Health Organization estimates that every year, 2.4 million people die because of the effects of air pollution on health. Mitigation strategies such as changes in diesel engine technology could result in fewer premature mortalities, as suggested by the US Environmental Protection Agency. This review: (i) discusses the impact of air pollution on respiratory disease; (ii) provides evidence that reducing air pollution may have a positive impact on the prevention of disease; and (iii) demonstrates the impact concerted polices may have on population health when governments take actions to reduce air pollution.

Ancillary