The Authors: Dr Patricia Sierra-Vargas (MD, MSc, PhD), is a researcher at the Biochemistry and Environmental Medicine Department at the Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias ‘Ismael Cosío Villegas’ and Chair Lecturer of Biochemistry at La Salle University, School of Medicine. Her academic work focuses principally on oxidative stress and the impact of environmental contamination on human health. Professor Luis M. Teran (MD, PhD) is Founder of Biomedicine in the Post-Genomic Era and leads a multidisciplinary research team on Allergy and Immunology at the Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias ‘Ismael Cosío Villegas’ and Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (School of Medicine).
INVITED REVIEW SERIES: AIR POLLUTION AND LUNG HEALTH†
Air pollution: Impact and prevention
Article first published online: 21 SEP 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Respirology © 2012 Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
Volume 17, Issue 7, pages 1031–1038, October 2012
How to Cite
SIERRA-VARGAS, M. P. and TERAN, L. M. (2012), Air pollution: Impact and prevention. Respirology, 17: 1031–1038. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1843.2012.02213.x
SERIES EDITORS: IAN YANG AND STEPHEN HOLGATE
- Issue published online: 21 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 21 SEP 2012
- Accepted manuscript online: 22 JUN 2012 09:10AM EST
- Received 18 January 2012; invited to revise 25 January 2012; revised 3 May 2012; accepted 5 May 2012.
- air pollution;
- health impact;
- respiratory disease
Air pollution is becoming a major health problem that affects millions of people worldwide. In support of this observation, the World Health Organization estimates that every year, 2.4 million people die because of the effects of air pollution on health. Mitigation strategies such as changes in diesel engine technology could result in fewer premature mortalities, as suggested by the US Environmental Protection Agency. This review: (i) discusses the impact of air pollution on respiratory disease; (ii) provides evidence that reducing air pollution may have a positive impact on the prevention of disease; and (iii) demonstrates the impact concerted polices may have on population health when governments take actions to reduce air pollution.