SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aide T. M. (1986) The influence of wind and animal pollination on variation in outcrossing rates. Evolution 40: 434435.
  • Baker H. G. (1955) Self-compatibility and establishment after ‘long-distance’ dispersal. Evolution 9: 347348.
  • Barrett S. C. H. (2003) Mating strategies in flowering plants: the outcrossing–selfing paradigm and beyond. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B 358: 9911004.
  • Barrett S. C. H. & Eckert C. G. (1990) Variation and evolution of mating systems in seed plants. In: Kawano S. (ed.). Biology Approaches and Evolutionary Trends in Plants. Academic Press, Tokyo, pp. 229254.
  • Barrett S. C. H., Harder L. D. & Worle A. C. (1996) The comparative biology of pollination and mating in flowering plants. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society London, Series B 351: 12711280.
  • Barrett S. C. H. & Pannell J. R. (1999) Metapopulation dynamics and mating-system evolution in plants. In: Hollingsworth P. M., Bateman R. M. & Gornall R. J. (eds). Molecular Systematics and Plant Evolution. Taylor & Francis, London, pp. 74100.
  • Belaoussoff S. & Shore J. S. (1995) Floral correlates and fitness consequences of mating system variation in Turnera ulmifolia. Evolution 49: 545556.
  • Brown A. H. D. (1990) Genetic characterization of plant mating systems. In: Brown A. H. D., Clegg M. T., Kahler A. & Wier B. (eds). Plant Population Genetics, Breeding, and Genetic Resources. Sinauer, Sunderland, pp. 145162.
  • Brunet J. & Eckert C. G. (1998) Effect of floral morphology and display on outcrossing in blue columbine, Aquilegia caerulea (Ranunculaceae). Functional Ecology 12: 596606.
  • Burd M. (1994) Bateman’s principle and plant reproduction: the role of pollen limitation in fruit and seed set. Botanical Review 60: 83139.
  • Chang S. M. & Rausher M. D. (1998) Frequency-dependent pollen discounting contributes to maintenance of a mixed mating system in the common morning glory Ipomoea purpurea. American Naturalist 152: 671683.
  • Charlesworth D. (1991) The apparent selection on neutral marker loci in partially inbreeding populations. Genetic Research Cambridge 57: 159175.
  • Charlesworth B. (1992) Evolutionary rates in partially self-fertilizing species. American Naturalist 140: 126148.
  • Charlesworth D. & Charlesworth B. (1987) Inbreeding depression and its evolutionary consequences. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 18: 237268.
  • Charlesworth B. & Charlesworth D. (1998) Some evolutionary consequences of deleterious mutations. Genetica 102/103: 319.
  • Chase V. C. & Raven P. H. (1975) Evolutionary and ecological relationships between Aquilegia formosa and A. pubescens (Ranunculaceae), two perennial plants. Evolution 29: 474486.
  • Cheptou P. O. & Dieckmann U. (2002) The evolution of self-fertilization in density-regulated populations. Proceedings of the Royal Society London, Series B 269: 11771186.
  • Cheptou P. O., Lepart J. & Escarre J. (2002) Mating system variation along a successional gradient in the allogamous and colonizing plant Crepis sancta (Asteraceae). Journal of Evolutionary Biology 15: 753762.
  • Cheptou P. O. & Mathias A. (2001) Can varying inbreeding depression select for intermediary selfing rates? American Naturalist 157: 361373.
  • Cheptou P. O. & Schoen D. J. (2002) The cost of fluctuating inbreeding depression. Evolution 56: 10591062.
  • Cruden R. W. & Lyon D. L. (1989) Facultative xenogamy: examination of a mixed mating system. In: Bock J. H. & Linhart Y. B. (eds). The Evolutionary Ecology of Plants. Westview Press, Boulder, pp. 171208.
  • Darwin C. R. (1876) The Effects of Cross and Self-Fertilization in the Vegetable Kingdom. John Murray, London.
  • Eckert C. G. (2000) Contributions of autogamy and geitonogamy to self-fertilization in a mass-flowering, clonal plant. Ecology 81: 532542.
  • Eckert C. G. & Schaefer A. (1998) Does self-pollination provide reproductive assurance in wild columbine, Aquilegia canadensis (Ranunculaceae)? American Journal of Botany 85: 919924.
  • Elle E. & Carney R. (2003) Reproductive assurance varies with flower size in Collinsia parviflora (Scrophulariaceae). American Journal of Botany 90: 888896.
  • Elle E. & Hare J. D. (2002) Environmentally induced variation in floral traits affects the mating system in Datura wrightii. Functional Ecology 16: 7988.
  • Gould S. J. & Lewontin R. C. (1979) The spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian paradigm: a critique of the adaptationist programme. Proceedings of the Royal Society London, Series B 205: 581598.
  • Gregorius H. R., Ziehe M. & Ross M. D. (1987) Selection caused by self-fertilization. 1. Four measures of self-fertilization and their effects on fitness. Theoretical Population Biology 31: 91115.
  • Griffin C. A. M. & Eckert C. G. (2003) Experimental analysis of biparental inbreeding in a self-fertilizing plant. Evolution 57: 15131519.
  • Griffin S. R., Mavraganis K. & Eckert C. G. (2000) Experimental analysis of protogyny in Aquilegia canadensis (Ranunculaceae). American Journal of Botany 87: 12461256.
  • Hamrick J. L. & Godt M. J. (1990) Allozyme diversity in plant species. In: Brown A. H. D., Clegg M. T., Kahler A. L. & Weir B. S. (eds). Plant Population Genetics, Breeding, and Genetic Resources. Sinauer, Sunderland, pp. 4363.
  • Harder L. D. & Barrett S. C. H. (1995) Mating cost of large floral displays in hermaphrodite plants. Nature 373: 512515.
  • Harder L. D. & Barrett S. C. H. (1996) Pollen dispersal and mating patterns in animal pollinated plants. In: Lloyd D. G. & Barrett S. C. H. (eds). Floral Biology: Studies on Floral Evolution in Animal-Pollinated Plants. Chapman & Hall, New York, pp. 140190.
  • Harder L. D. & Thomson J. D. (1989) Evolutionary options for maximizing pollen dispersal of animal-pollinated plants. American Naturalist 133: 323344.
  • Harder L. D. & Wilson W. G. (1998) A clarification of pollen discounting and its joint effects with inbreeding depression on mating-system evolution. American Naturalist 152: 684695.
  • Herlihy C. R. & Eckert C. G. (2002) Genetic cost of reproductive assurance in a self-fertilizing plant. Nature 416: 320323.
  • Herlihy C. R. & Eckert C. G. (in press a) Experimental dissection of inbreeding and its adaptive significance in a flowering plant, Aquilegia canadensis (Ranunculaceae). Evolution .
  • Herlihy C. R. & Eckert C. G. (in press b) Evolution of self-fertilization at geographical range margins? A comparison of demographic, floral and mating system variables in central versus peripheral populations of Aquilegia canadensis (Ranunculaceae). American Journal of Botany .
  • Herrera C. M., Sanchez L. A. M., Medrano M., Guitian J., Cerda X. & Rey P. (2001) Geographical variation in autonomous self-pollination levels unrelated to pollinator service in Helleborus foetidus (Ranunculaceae). American Journal of Botany 88: 10251032.
  • Hinton W. F. (1976) The evolution of insect-mediated self-pollination from an outcrossing system in Calyptridium (Portulaceae). American Journal of Botany 63: 979986.
  • Hodges S. A. & Arnold M. L. (1994) Columbines: a geographically widespread species flock. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 91: 51295132.
  • Holsinger K. E. (1986) Dispersal and plant mating systems: the evolution of self-fertilization in subdivided populations. Evolution 40: 405413.
  • Holsinger K. E. (1991) Mass action models for plant mating systems: the evolutionary stability of mixed mating systems. American Naturalist 138: 606622.
  • Holsinger K. E. (1992) Ecological models of plant reproduction and the evolutionary stability of mixed mating systems. In: Wyatt R. (ed.). Plant Reproductive Ecology: New Approaches. Chapman & Hall, New York, pp. 169191.
  • Holsinger K. E. (1996) Pollination biology and the evolution of mating systems in flowering plants. Evolutionary Biology 29: 107149.
  • Holtsford T. P. & Ellstrand N. C. (1989) Variation in outcrossing rate and population genetic structure of Clarkia tembloriensis (Onagraceae). Theoretical and Applied Genetics 78: 480488.
  • Husband B. C. & Schemske D. W. (1996) Evolution of the magnitude and timing of inbreeding depression in plants. Evolution 50: 5470.
  • Jain S. K. (1976) The evolution of inbreeding in plants. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 7: 6995.
  • Jarne P. & Charlesworth D. (1993) The evolution of the selfing rate in functionally hermaphroditic plants and animals. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 24: 441466.
  • Johnston M. O. (1998) Evolution of intermediate selfing rates in plants: pollination ecology versus deleterious mutations. Genetica 102/103: 267278.
  • De Jong T. J., Klinkhamer P. G. L. & Staalduinen M. J. (1992) The consequences of pollination biology for selection of mass or extended blooming. Functional Ecology 6: 606615.
  • De Jong T. J., Waser N. M. & Klinkhamer P. G. L. (1993) Geitonogamy: the neglected side of selfing. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 8: 321325.
  • Kalisz S. & Vogler D. W. (2003) Benefits of autonomous selfing under unpredictable pollinator environments. Ecology 84: 29282942.
  • Karron J. D., Jackson R. T., Thumser N. N. & Schlicht S. L. (1997) Outcrossing rates of individual Mimulus ringens genets are correlated with anther–stigma separation. Heredity 79: 365370.
  • Kelly J. K. & Willis J. H. (2002) A manipulative experiment to estimate biparental inbreeding in monkeyflowers. International Journal of Plant Science 163: 575579.
  • Kliber A. & Eckert C. G. (2004) Temporal decline in reproductive investment among flowers in a sequentially blooming plant: proximate mechanisms and adaptive significance. Ecology 85: 16751687.
  • Lande R. & Schemske D. W. (1985) The evolution of self-fertilization and inbreeding depression in plants. I. Genetic models. Evolution 39: 2440.
  • Lande R., Schemske D. W. & Schultz S. T. (1994) High inbreeding depression, selective interference among loci, and the threshold selfing rate for purging recessive lethal mutations. Evolution 48: 965978.
  • Larson B. M. H. & Barrett S. C. H. (2000) A comparative analysis of pollen limitation in flowering plants. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 69: 503520.
  • Leclerc-Potvin C. & Ritland K. (1994) Modes of self-fertilization in Mimulus guttatus (Scrophulariaceae): a field experiment. American Journal of Botany 81: 199205.
  • Levri M. A. (2000) A measure of the various modes of inbreeding in Kalmia latifolia. Annals of Botany 86: 415420.
  • Lloyd D. G. (1992) Self- and cross-fertilization in plants. II. The selection of self-fertilization. International Journal of Plant Science 153: 370380.
  • Lloyd D. G. & Schoen D. J. (1992) Self- and cross-fertilization in plants. I. Functional dimensions. International Journal of Plant Science 153: 358369.
  • Lu Y. (2000) Effects of density on mixed mating systems and reproduction in natural populations of Impatiens capensis. International Journal of Plant Science 161: 671681.
  • Macior L. W. (1966) Foraging behaviour of Bombus (Hymenoptera: apidae) in relation to Aquilegia pollination. American Journal of Botany 53: 302309.
  • Macior L. W. (1978) The pollination of vernal angiosperms. Oikos 30: 452460.
  • Mavraganis K. & Eckert C. G. (2001) Effect of population size and isolation on reproductive output in Aquilegia canadensis (Ranunculaceae). Oikos 95: 300310.
  • Miller R. B. (1978) The pollination ecology of Aquilegia elegantula and caerulea (Ranunculaceae) in Colorado. American Journal of Botany 65: 406414.
  • Miller R. B. (1985) Hawkmoth pollination of Aquilegia chrysantha (Ranunculaceae) in southern Arizona. Southwest Naturalist 30: 6976.
  • Miller R. B. & Willard C. L. (1983) The pollination ecology of Aquilegia micrantha (Ranunculaceae) in Colorado. Southwest Naturalist 28: 157164.
  • Montalvo A. M. (1994) Inbreeding depression and maternal effects in Aquilegia caerulea, a partially selfing plant. Ecology 75: 23952409.
  • Morgan M. T. (2001) Consequences of life history for inbreeding depression and mating system evolution in plants. Proceedings of the Royal Society London, Series B 268: 18171824.
  • Morgan M. T., Schoen D. J. & Bataillon T. M. (1997) The evolution of self-fertilization in perennials. American Naturalist 150: 618638.
  • O’Neill S. D. (1997) Pollination regulation of flower development. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 48: 547574.
  • Pannell J. R. & Barrett S. C. H. (1998) Baker’s law revisited: reproductive assurance in a metapopulation. Evolution 52: 657668.
  • Pigliucci M. & Kaplan J. (2000) The fall and rise of Dr Pangloss: adaptationism and the Spandrels paper 20 years later. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15: 6670.
  • Piper J. G., Charlesworth B. & Charlesworth D. (1986) Breeding system evolution in Primula vulgaris and the role of reproductive assurance. Heredity 56: 207217.
  • Rausher M. D. & Chang S. M. (1999) Stabilization of mixed-mating systems by differences in the magnitude of inbreeding depression for male and female fitness components. American Naturalist 154: 242248.
  • Richards A. J. (1986) Plant Breeding Systems. George Allen & Unwin, London.
  • Ritland K. (1990) Inferences about inbreeding depression based on changes of the inbreeding coefficient. Evolution 44: 12301241.
  • Ritland K. (2002) Extensions of models for the estimation of mating systems using n independent loci. Heredity 88: 221228.
  • Roff D. A. (1997) Evolutionary Quantitative Genetics. Chapman & Hall, New York.
  • Routley M. B., Mavraganis K. & Eckert C. G. (1999) Effect of population size on the mating system in a self-compatible, autogamous plant, Aquilegia canadensis (Ranunculaceae). Heredity 82: 518528.
  • Sakai S. & Ishii H. S. (1999) Why be completely outcrossing? Evolutionarily stable outcrossing strategies in an environment where outcross-pollen availability is unpredictable. Evolutionary Ecology Research 1: 211222.
  • Schemske D. W. & Lande R. (1985) The evolution of self-fertilization and inbreeding depression in plants. II. Empirical observations. Evolution 39: 4152.
  • Schneck J. (1901) Notes on Aquilegia canadensis (L.) and A. vulgaris (L.). Botanical Gazette 32: 304305.
  • Schoen D. J. (1982) The breeding system of Gilia achilleifolia: variation in floral characteristics and outcrossing rate. Evolution 36: 352360.
  • Schoen D. J. & Brown A. H. D. (1991) Whole- and within-flower self-pollination in Glycine calndestina and G. argyrea and the evolution of autogamy. Evolution 45: 16511665.
  • Schoen D. J. & Lloyd D. G. (1992) Self- and cross-fertilization in plants. III. Methods for studying modes and functional aspects of self-fertilization. International Journal of Plant Science 153: 381393.
  • Schoen D. J., Morgan M. T. & Bataillon T. (1996) How does self-pollination evolve? Inferences from floral ecology and molecular genetic variation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society London, Series B 351: 12811290.
  • Snow A. A., Spira T. P., Simpson R. & Klips R. A. (1996) The ecology of geitonogamous pollination. In: Lloyd D. G. & Barrett S. C. H. (eds). Floral Biology. Studies on Floral Evolution in Animal-Pollinated Plants. Chapman & Hall, New York, pp. 191216.
  • Stebbins G. L. (1957) Self-fertilization and population variability in the higher plants. American Naturalist 91: 337354.
  • Stebbins G. L. (1974) Flowering Plants: Evolution Above the Species Level. Belknap Press, Cambridge.
  • Sweigart A., Karoly K., Jones A. & Willis J. H. (1999) The distribution of individual inbreeding coefficients and pairwise relatedness in a population of Mimulus guttatus. Heredity 83: 625632.
  • Thompson F. L. & Eckert C. G. (2004) Trade-offs between sexual and clonal reproduction in an aquatic plant: experimental manipulations versus phenotypic correlations. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 17:581592.
  • Thornhill N. W. (1993) The Natural History of Inbreeding and Outbreeding. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • Tsitrone A., Duperron S. & David P. (2003) Delayed selfing as an optimal mating strategy in preferentially outcrossing species: theoretical analysis of the optimal age at first reproduction in relation to mate availability. American Naturalist 162: 318331.
  • Uyenoyama M. K. (1986) Inbreeding and the cost of meiosis: the evolution of selfing in populations practicing biparental inbreeding. Evolution 40: 388404.
  • Uyenoyama M. K., Holsinger K. E. & Waller D. M. (1993) Ecological and genetic factors directing the evolution of self-fertilization. Oxford  Surveys  in  Evolutionary  Biology 9: 327381.
  • Vogler D. W. & Kalisz S. (2001) Sex among the flowers: the distribution of plant mating systems. Evolution 55: 202204.
  • Waller D. M. (1993) The statics and dynamics of mating system evolution. In: Thornhill N. W. (ed.). The Natural History of Inbreeding and Outbreeding. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp. 97117.
  • Waller D. M. & Knight S. E. (1989) Genetic consequences of outcrossing in the cleistogamous annual, Impatiens capensis. II. Outcrossing rates and genotypic correlations. Evolution 43: 860869.
  • Whittemore A. (1997) Aquilegia. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (eds). The Flora of North America, Vol. 3. Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 249258.
  • Yahara T. (1992) Graphical analysis for evolutionary stable mating systems in plants. Evolution 46: 557561.