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Keywords:

  • Maple Syrup Urine Disease;
  • Tetanus neonatorum

Abstract

A case of Maple Syrup Urine Disease (MSUD) is presented with clinical signs and symptoms on admission resembling neonatal tetanus. Diagnosis had to be differentiated between MSUD and other metabolic disorders and neonatal infections (especially neonatal tetanus because of severe opisthotonos) and generalized seizures of the patient. Early diagnosis of the MSUD patient is very important for effective therapy and better long-term prognosis as well as genetic counselling and prenatal diagnosis for future pregnancies.