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Keywords:

  • late-onset circulatory dysfunction;
  • left atrium thrombus;
  • preterm infant;
  • recombinant tissue plasminogen activator

Abstract

A left atrium thrombus, potentially a life-threatening complication, is an extremely rare in early infancy. Most cases are caused by mal-placement of central venous catheters or related to congenital heart diseases with left atrial blood congestion. Here we present an extremely low birth weight infant who developed a left atrial thrombus during the course of late onset circulatory dysfunction. The thrombus was successfully treated by recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. A hemodynamically unstable condition like late onset circulatory dysfunction should be taken into consideration as a potential risk condition of this rare disease.