Behavioral and endocrinological evaluation of music therapy for elderly patients with dementia
Version of Record online: 4 FEB 2004
Nursing & Health Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 1, pages 11–18, March 2004
How to Cite
Suzuki, M., Kanamori, M., Watanabe, M., Nagasawa, S., Kojima, E., Ooshiro, H. and Nakahara, D. (2004), Behavioral and endocrinological evaluation of music therapy for elderly patients with dementia. Nursing & Health Sciences, 6: 11–18. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-2018.2003.00168.x
- Issue online: 4 FEB 2004
- Version of Record online: 4 FEB 2004
- Received 24 February 2003; accepted 20 August 2003.
- elderly patients;
- music therapy;
- senile dementia
The present study investigated the effectiveness of music therapy for dementia patients using endocrinological and behavioral evaluations. The study comprised 10 patients with senile dementia who received music therapy; six had Alzheimer's dementia and four had vascular dementia. Music therapy was performed twice a week for 8 consecutive weeks (16 sessions). As a result, total scores on the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) did not significantly change, but the scores of a subscale, ‘language’, improved significantly. According to the Multidimensional Observation Scale For Elderly Subjects (MOSES), scores for ‘irritability’ decreased significantly. Regarding changes in salivary chromogranin A (CgA) levels, the average was significantly decreased before session 16 compared to after this. These results suggest that the combination of endocrinological measurements, behavioral evaluations and functional assessment methods are useful in evaluating the effects of music therapy in persons with senile dementia.