Workplace and personal factors associated with physical and mental health in hospital nurses in China
Version of Record online: 27 APR 2007
Nursing & Health Sciences
Volume 9, Issue 2, pages 120–126, June 2007
How to Cite
Lambert, V. A., Lambert, C. E., Petrini, M., Li, X. M. and Zhang, Y. J. (2007), Workplace and personal factors associated with physical and mental health in hospital nurses in China. Nursing & Health Sciences, 9: 120–126. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-2018.2007.00316.x
- Issue online: 27 APR 2007
- Version of Record online: 27 APR 2007
- Received 1 December 2006; accepted 11 January 2007.
- Chinese hospital nurses;
- coping strategies;
- demographic characteristics;
- physical and mental health;
- psychological hardiness;
- workplace stress
Abstract Limited research exists on the workplace and personal factors that might be associated with the physical and mental health of nurses working in China. Therefore, the purposes of this study were to examine, in Chinese hospital nurses, the most frequently occurring workplace stressor, the most often used coping strategy, and the relationships that exist among workplace stressors, coping strategies, psychological hardiness, demographic characteristics, and physical and mental health. Four-hundred-and-eighty hospital nurses from five hospitals in three major Chinese cities were administered five self-report questionnaires. The findings indicated the most frequently cited workplace stressor was workload, while the most commonly used coping strategy was positive reappraisal. Numerous positive and negative correlations were found, suggesting the importance that workplace stress, coping strategies, psychological hardiness, and demographic characteristics play in relationship to each other, as well as to both the physical and mental health of Chinese nurses.