Self-efficacy and self-care behavior of Malaysian patients with type 2 diabetes: a cross sectional survey

Authors

  • Siti Khuzaimah Ahmad Sharoni MNursSci,

    Corresponding author
    1. Nursing Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Puncak Alam Campus, Puncak Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
      Siti Khuzaimah Ahmad Sharoni, Nursing Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Puncak Alam Campus, 42300 Puncak Alam, Selangor, Malaysia. Email: sitik123@yahoo.com; sitik123@salam.uitm.edu.my
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  • Shu-Fang Vivienne Wu PhD

    1. National Taipei University of Nursing & Health Sciences, School of Nursing, Taipei, Taiwan
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Siti Khuzaimah Ahmad Sharoni, Nursing Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Puncak Alam Campus, 42300 Puncak Alam, Selangor, Malaysia. Email: sitik123@yahoo.com; sitik123@salam.uitm.edu.my

Abstract

This study investigated the association between self-efficacy and self-care behavior to determine the degree of self-efficacy and to examine differences in self-efficacy according to patient variables, including state of health, of Malaysian patients with type 2 diabetes. The sample comprised 388 patients (respondents). We collected the data from December 2010 to February 2011. We found a significant positive relationship between self-efficacy and self-care behavior (rs = 0.481, P < 0.001). The degree of self-efficacy was moderately high (mean = 7.570). We found significant differences between self-efficacy and education level (Wilk's Lambda = 0.918, F[12, 1008] = 2.779, P < 0.05), duration of diabetes (Wilk's Lambda = 0.954, F[8, 736] = 2.264, P < 0.05), other chronic conditions (Wilk's Lambda = 0.967, F[4, 383] = 3.304, P < 0.05) and diabetic complications (Wilk's Lambda = 0.963, F[4, 383] = 3.653, P < 0.05). Self-efficacy can be used as a model to understand self-care behavior. Individualized nursing interventions based on self-efficacy theory should be utilized in high risk diabetic patients so as to assist and improve self-care behavior.

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