• renal cell carcinoma;
  • prognostic factors;
  • multivariate analysis

Background: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients occasionally die of RCC even after curative resection. In this study, we investigated prognostic factors between survivors for more than 5 years and patients who died within 5 years after curative resection.

Methods: We retrospectively studied 111 patients who underwent RCC curative resection and were followed for more than 5 years. Patient survival at 5 years after curative resection was regarded as the end-point of this analysis. Statistical differences of 19 prognostic factors between surviving and deceased patients were determined using logistic regression analysis.

Results: Eighteen of the 111 patients died of RCC during the 5-year follow-up period. Of the 19 prognostic factors evaluated, univariate analysis showed significant differences in the body temperature, hemoglobin, erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR), α2-globulin, C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, tumor size, Robson's stage, T classification (renal capsular involvement), pathological grade, and mode of tumor infiltration. Five significant variables (body temperature, ESR, α2-globulin, fibrinogen, and tumor size) were excluded from multivariate analysis because greater than 10% of the data was missing. The TNM staging system was selected as the representative variable for stage for multivariate analysis. Using the remaining 5 significant variables (hemoglobin, CRP, T stage, pathological grade, and mode of tumor infiltration), multivariate analysis showed that CRP (P=0.01 26) and T stage (P=0.0490) were the most important prognostic factors.

Conclusion: From this analysis, CRP and renal capsular involvement were the most important factors predicting survival for greater than 5 years after curative resection of RCC.