• bladder cancer;
  • deterioration of the immune system;
  • intracranial Aspergillosis

Abstract  We report a case of intracerebral Aspergillosis in a patient undergoing radical cystectomy for the treatment of muscle-invasive bladder cancer who did not reveal any deterioration of the immune system. Aspergillus fumigatus is an ubiquitously present, airborne fungus that tends to infect the upper respiratory tract. However, the latter was not observed in the patient presented. Complications in the form of an involvement of the central nervous system are very rarely recognized as a result of an Aspergillus infection and primarily occur in patients who are not immunologically competent. To our knowledge, we present the first case of intracerebral invasive Aspergillosis in an otherwise healthy patient diagnosed with an urological malignancy.