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Keywords:

  • brucellosis;
  • diagnosis;
  • polymerase chain-reaction;
  • renal abscess;
  • treatment

Abstract  We report a case of renal abscess caused by brucellosis (renal brucelloma) which was treated by surgery. Renal parenchymal involvement of systemic brucellosis is a very rare condition and relapses after medical treatment, such as solid organ abscess including kidney, should be especially considered. In chronic cases, laboratory findings including polymerase chain-reaction examination is needed for definitive diagnosis.