Treatment of adult female epispadias without exstrophy in the presence of rhabdosphincter function



This article is corrected by:

  1. Errata: Corrigendum Volume 13, Issue 9, 1264, Article first published online: 20 September 2006

Alexandre E. Pelzer md, Department of Urology, Innsbruck Medical University Anichstr. 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria. Email:


Abstract  Female epispadias without exstrophy is a very rare entity. Symptoms of female epispadias are primary urinary incontinence and anatomical abnormal features. A 24-year-old married women with two children presented with primary urinary incontinence. Due to previous failure of correct diagnosis and ineffective medical treatment, the patient developed psychological problems (anxiety and depression). In the presence of minimal rhabdosphincter function we could achieve socially acceptable urinary continence by bladder neck plication and a Burch colposuspension. The patient did not consent to a major reconstruction.