• acute heart failure;
  • cardiac metastases;
  • renal pelvic cancer;
  • ventricular outflow tract obstruction

Abstract:  A 66-year-old man was referred to our hospital with chest discomfort and shortness of breath. Seven months previously he had undergone a laparoscopic left nephroureterectomy for a left renal pelvic tumor and was given two cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy (methotrexate, epirubicin and cisplatin). Echocardiogram showed an 8-mm sized mass extending from the right atrium into the right ventricle. On computed tomography, multiple lung tumors, as well as the right atrial and ventricular mass, were seen. The patient died of acute heart failure caused by right ventricular outflow obstruction. On autopsy, a right atrial and ventricular metastasis of the initial transitional cell carcinoma was found. The patient’s cause of death was acute heart failure as a result of cardiac metastasis of his initial renal pelvic carcinoma.