Background: We evaluated the impact of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and overactive bladder (OAB) on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and sexual function.
Methods: A total of 245 women (SUI; n = 123 and OAB; n = 122) from 21 to 79 years old (mean 50.4) were included in the primary analyses. To obtain HRQOL and sexual function assessments, patients were asked to fill in the ‘Bristol Female Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (BFLUTS)’ and the ‘Medical Outcomes Study Short Form (SF-36)’ questionnaires.
Results: Of the eight domains in the SF-36 questionnaire, only ‘general health’ was significantly different between the groups. Patients with SUI had a better general health than those with OAB (P = 0.016). When comparing the BFLUTS scores in the two groups, the score for ‘BFLUTS-filling symptoms’ was higher in the OAB group (P = 0.002) but that for ‘BFLUTS-incontinence symptoms’ was higher in the SUI group (P < 0.001). The score for ‘BFLUTS-sex’ was higher in the SUI group than in the OAB group but this was not statistically significant (P = 0.096). Of the 169 patients who had a sex life, the SUI group had experienced pain (P = 0.033) and leakage (P = 0.056) more frequently during intercourse than the OAB group.
Conclusion: Both SUI and OAB have a detrimental impact on patient HRQOL in Korean women. In addition, our findings suggest that women with SUI had more frequently experienced pain during intercourse and coital incontinence than those with OAB.