• stress urinary incontinence;
  • surgery

Abstract:  The prevalence of stress urinary incontinence is quite significant with large numbers of women affected. Many of these women will not seek medical help in the belief that they will not be cured or improved. With the increasing numbers of procedures now available we present a review of both established and novel surgical techniques that is intended to help both urologists and primary care physicians in the counselling of patients complaining of stress incontinence. We compare the “gold standards” of surgical treatment for all types of stress incontinence with the newer techniques that have recently become popular among urologists and gynaecologists.