SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Baessler K, Schuessler B. Childbirth-induced trauma to the urethral continence mechanism: review and recommendations. Urology 2003; 62 (Suppl 4A): 3944.
  • 2
    Meyer S, Schreyer A, Degrandi P. The effects of birth on urinary continence mechanisms and other pelvic floor characteristics. Obstet. Gynecol. 1998; 92: 61318.
  • 3
    Phillips C, Monga A. Childbirth and the pelvic floor: ‘the gynaecological consequences. Rev. Gynaecol. Pract. 2005; 18.
  • 4
    Allen RE, Hosker GL, Smith A, Warrell DW. Pelvic floor damage and childbirth: a neurophysiological study. Br. J. Obstet. Gynaecol. 1990; 97: 7709.
  • 5
    Virktrup L, Lose G, Rolf M, Barfoed K. The frequency of urinary symptoms during pregnancy and puerperium in the primipara. Int. Urogynecol. J. 1993; 4: 2730.
  • 6
    Chaliha C, Kalia V, Stanton SL, Monga ASH, Sultan AH. Antenatal prediction of postpartum urinary and faecal incontinence. Obstet. Gynecol. 1994; 94: 68993.
  • 7
    Burgio KL, Locher JL, Zyczynski H, Hardin JM, Singh K. Urinary incontinence during pregnancy in a racially mixed sample: characteristics and predisposing factors. Int. Urogynecol. J. 1996; 7: 6970.
  • 8
    Wilson PD, Herbison RM, Herbison GP. Obstetric practice and the prevalence of urinary incontinence three months after delivery. Br. J. Obstet. Gynaecol. 1996; 103: 15461.
  • 9
    Morkved S, Bo K. Prevalence of urinary incontinence during pregnancy and postpartum. Int. Urogyn. J. 1999; 10: 3948.
  • 10
    Sampselle CM, Mims BL, Ashton-Miller JA. Effect of pelvic muscle exercise on transient incontinence during pregnancy and after birth. Obstet. Ginecol. 1998; 91: 40612.
  • 11
    Kegel AH. Progressive resistance exercise in the functional restoration of the perineal muscles. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 1948; 56: 23849.
  • 12
    Dougherty M, Bishop K, Mooney R, Gimotty P, Williams B. Graded pelvic muscle exercise. Effect on stress urinary incontinence. J. Reprod. Med. 1993; 39: 68491.
  • 13
    Berghmans LC, Hendriks HJ, Bo K, Hay-Smith EJ, de Bie RA, van Doorn ES. Conservative treatment of stress urinary incontinence in women: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials. Br. J. Urol. 1998; 82: 18191.
  • 14
    Bo K, Talseth T, Holme I. Single blind randomised controlled trial of pelvic floor exercise, electrical stimulation, vaginal cones, and no treatment in management of genuine stress incontinence. BMJ 1999; 318: 48793.
  • 15
    Capelini MV, Ricetto CL, Dambros M, Tamanini JT, Herrmann V, Muller V. Pelvic floor exercises with biofeedback for stress urinary incontinence. Int. Braz. J. Urol. 2006; 32: 4629.
  • 16
    Morkved S, Bo K, Schci B, Salvesen KA. Pelvic floor muscle training during pregnancy to prevent urinary incontinence: a single-blind randomized controlled trial. Obstet. Gynecol. 2003; 101: 31319.
  • 17
    Reilly E, Freeman R, Waterfield A, Waterfield AE, Steggles P, Pedlar F. Prevention of postpartum stress incontinence in primigravidae with increased bladder neck mobility: a randomized controlled trial of antenatal pelvic floor exercises. BJOG 2002; 109: 6876.
  • 18
    Chávez VG, Sánchez MPV, Rash JRK. Efecto de los ejercicios del piso pélvico durante el embarazo el puerperio em la prevención de la incontinence urinaria de esfuerzo. Ginecol. Obstet. Mex. 2004; 72: 62836.
  • 19
    Harvey MA. Pelvic floor exercises during and after pregnancy: a systematic review of their role in preventing pelvic floor dysfunction. J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Can. 2003; 25: 48798.
  • 20
    Jadad AR, Moore RA, Carroll D et al. Assessing the quality of reports of randomized clinical trials: is blinding necessary? Control Clin. Trials 1996; 17: 112.
  • 21
    Miller J, Kasper C, Sampselle C. Review of muscle physiology with application to pelvic muscle exercise. Urol. Nurs. 1994; 14: 927.
  • 22
    American College of Sports Medicine. Position stand. The recommended quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness in healthy adults. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 1990; 22: 26574.
  • 23
    Haeusler G, Hanzal E, Joura E, Sam C, Koelbl H. Differential diagnosis of detrusor instability and stress-incontinence by patient history: the Gaudenz-Incontinence Questionnaire. Acta. Obstet. Gynecol. Scand. 1995; 74: 6357.
  • 24
    Cundiff G, Harris RL, Coates KW, Bump RC. Clinical predictors of urinary incontinence in women. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 1997; 177: 2627.
  • 25
    Clarke B. The role of urodynamic assessment in the diagnosis of lower urinary tract disorders. Int. Urogynecol. J. 1997; 8: 196200.
  • 26
    Gileran JP, Zimmern P. An evidence-based approach to the evaluation and management of stress incontinence in women. Curr. Opin. Urol. 2005; 15: 23643.
  • 27
    Lagro-Janssen ALM, Debruyne FMJ, Van Well C. Value of patient's case history in diagnosing urinary incontinence in general practice. Br. J. Urol. 1991; 67: 56972.
  • 28
    Videla FL, Wall LL. Stress incontinence diagnosed without multichannel urodynamic studies. Obstet. Gynecol. 1998; 91: 9658.
  • 29
    Bemmess C, Manning J. Patient evaluation of urodynamic investigations. Neurourol. Urodyn. 1997; 16: 50910.
  • 30
    Blaivas JG, Appell RA, Fantl JA, Leach G, Mcguire EJ, Resnick N. Standards of efficacy for evaluation of treatment outcomes in urinary incontinence: recommendations of the urodynamics society. Neurourol. Urodyn. 1997; 16: 1457.