Tension-free vaginal mesh procedure for pelvic organ prolapse: A single-center experience of 310 cases with 1-year follow up
Article first published online: 22 FEB 2010
© 2010 The Japanese Urological Association
International Journal of Urology
Volume 17, Issue 4, pages 353–358, April 2010
How to Cite
Takahashi, S., Obinata, D., Sakuma, T., Nagane, Y., Sato, K., Mochida, J., Ichinose, T. and Yamaguchi, K. (2010), Tension-free vaginal mesh procedure for pelvic organ prolapse: A single-center experience of 310 cases with 1-year follow up. International Journal of Urology, 17: 353–358. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-2042.2010.02469.x
- Issue published online: 22 MAR 2010
- Article first published online: 22 FEB 2010
- Received 12 July 2009; accepted 20 December 2009.
- mesh-related complications;
- pelvic organ prolapse;
- prolapse recurrence;
- tension-free vaginal mesh
Objective: To prospectively evaluate the efficacy of a tension-free vaginal mesh (TVM) procedure for pelvic organ prolapse (POP).
Methods: Between December 2005 and April 2008, 310 female patients (mean age 67.2 years, range 42–84) with POP underwent TVM procedures at our institute. Fifty-six individuals were qualified as stage 2 according to the POP quantification system and 162 and 92 were stage 3 and 4, respectively. One hundred ninety-one patients underwent anterior TVM, and seven underwent posterior TVM. One hundred twelve cases underwent both anterior and posterior TVM procedures. Each patient was systematically assessed at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after surgery. Quality of life (QOL) was also assessed by using the Short Form-36 and the prolapse-QOL questionnaires.
Results: Perioperative complications were the following: five bladder injuries (1.6%), no rectal injuries and three hemorrhages greater than 400 mL (1.0%). The anatomical cure rate (% stage 0 cases) at 3, 6 and 12 months after surgery were 94.1%, 93.5%, and 92.3%, respectively. Short Form-36 and prolapse-QOL parameters were significantly improved, and maintained during the follow-up period. Postoperative complications were the following: five pelvic hematomas (1.6%), one wound infection (0.3%), 10 vaginal mesh extrusions (3.2%), and three cases of pelvic pain (1.0%). Complications concerning lower urinary tract function were: eight cases of postoperative stress urinary incontinence (2.6%), three cases of transient urinary retention (1.0%), and two cases of de novo overactive bladder (0.6%).
Conclusions: The TVM procedure provides a good outcome at 1 year with a low incidence of surgical complications and recurrence. Further evaluation with a longer follow up is needed.