• 1
    Hofmann HS, Neef H, Krohe K, Andreev P, Silber RE. Prognostic factors and survival after pulmonary resection of metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Eur. Urol. 2005; 48: 7781.
  • 2
    Duchene DA, Lotan Y, Cadeddu JA, Sagalowsky AI, Koeneman KS. Histopathology of surgically managed renal tumors: analysis of a contemporary series. Urology 2003; 62: 82730.
  • 3
    Frank I, Blute ML, Cheville JC, Lohse CM, Weaver AL, Zincke H. Solid renal tumors: an analysis of pathological features related to tumor size. J. Urol. 2003; 170: 221720.
  • 4
    Snyder ME, Bach A, Kattan MW, Raj GV, Reuter VE, Russo P. Incidence of benign lesions for clinically localized renal masses smaller than 7 cm in radiological diameter: influence of sex. J. Urol. 2006; 176: 23915.
  • 5
    Schlomer B, Figenshau RS, Yan Y, Venkatesh R, Bhayani SB. Pathological features of renal neoplasms classified by size and symptomatology. J. Urol. 2006; 176: 131720; discussion 1320.
  • 6
    Schachter LR, Cookson MS, Chang SS et al. Second prize: frequency of benign renal cortical tumors and histologic subtypes based on size in a contemporary series: what to tell our patients. J. Endourol. 2007; 21: 81923.
  • 7
    Jeon HG, Lee SR, Kim KH et al. Benign lesions after partial nephrectomy for presumed renal cell carcinoma in masses 4 cm or less: prevalence and predictors in Korean patients. Urology 2010; 76: 5749.
  • 8
    Fujii Y, Komai Y, Saito K et al. Incidence of benign pathologic lesions at partial nephrectomy for presumed RCC renal masses: Japanese dual-center experience with 176 consecutive patients. Urology 2008; 72: 598602.
  • 9
    Kummerlin IP, ten Kate FJ, Wijkstra H, Zwinderman A, de la Rosette JJ, Laguna MP. A decade of surgically removed small renal masses in the Netherlands: characteristics and trends in type of surgery and pathologic reporting. J. Endourol. 2010; 24: 16759.
  • 10
    Israel GM, Bosniak MA. An update of the Bosniak renal cyst classification system. Urology 2005; 66: 4848.
  • 11
    Kutikov A, Fossett LK, Ramchandani P et al. Incidence of benign pathologic findings at partial nephrectomy for solitary renal mass presumed to be renal cell carcinoma on preoperative imaging. Urology 2006; 68: 73740.
  • 12
    Lee SH, Park SU, Rha KH et al. Trends in the incidence of benign pathological lesions at partial nephrectomy for presumed renal cell carcinoma in renal masses on preoperative computed tomography imaging: a single institute experience with 290 consecutive patients. Int. J. Urol. 2010; 17: 51216.
  • 13
    Xiong YH, Zhang ZL, Li YH et al. Benign pathological findings in 303 Chinese patients undergoing surgery for presumed localized renal cell carcinoma. Int. J. Urol. 2010; 17: 51721.
  • 14
    Choudhary S, Rajesh A, Mayer NJ, Mulcahy KA, Haroon A. Renal oncocytoma: CT features cannot reliably distinguish oncocytoma from other renal neoplasms. Clin. Radiol. 2009; 64: 51722.
  • 15
    Demirovic A, Dzombeta T, Tomas D et al. Immunohistochemical expression of tumor antigens MAGE-A3/4 and NY-ESO-1 in renal oncocytoma and chromophobe renal cell carcinoma. Pathol. Res. Pract. 2010; 206: 6959.
  • 16
    Kim JK, Kim TK, Ahn HJ, Kim CS, Kim KR, Cho KS. Differentiation of subtypes of renal cell carcinoma on helical CT scans. AJR Am. J. Roentgenol. 2002; 178: 1499506.
  • 17
    Ho VB, Allen SF, Hood MN, Choyke PL. Renal masses: quantitative assessment of enhancement with dynamic MR imaging. Radiology 2002; 224: 695700.
  • 18
    Inci E, Hocaoglu E, Aydin S, Cimilli T. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in evaluation of primary solid and cystic renal masses using the Bosniak classification. Eur. J. Radiol. 2011; doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2011.02.024.
  • 19
    Song C, Min GE, Song K et al. Differential diagnosis of complex cystic renal mass using multiphase computerized tomography. J. Urol. 2009; 181: 244650.
  • 20
    Quaia E, Bertolotto M, Cioffi V et al. Comparison of contrast-enhanced sonography with unenhanced sonography and contrast-enhanced CT in the diagnosis of malignancy in complex cystic renal masses. AJR Am. J. Roentgenol. 2008; 191: 123949.
  • 21
    Bird VG, Kanagarajah P, Morillo G et al. Differentiation of oncocytoma and renal cell carcinoma in small renal masses (<4 cm): the role of 4-phase computerized tomography. World J. Urol. 2011; 29: 78792.
  • 22
    Fan L, Lianfang D, Jinfang X, Yijin S, Ying W. Diagnostic efficacy of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in solid renal parenchymal lesions with maximum diameters of 5 cm. J. Ultrasound Med. 2008; 27: 87585.
  • 23
    Xu ZF, Xu HX, Xie XY, Liu GJ, Zheng YL, Lu MD. Renal cell carcinoma and renal angiomyolipoma: differential diagnosis with real-time contrast-enhanced ultrasonography. J. Ultrasound Med. 2010; 29: 70917.
  • 24
    Kim JK, Kim SH, Jang YJ et al. Renal angiomyolipoma with minimal fat: differentiation from other neoplasms at double-echo chemical shift FLASH MR imaging. Radiology 2006; 239: 17480.
  • 25
    Lane BR, Samplaski MK, Herts BR, Zhou M, Novick AC, Campbell SC. Renal mass biopsy – a renaissance? J. Urol. 2008; 179: 207.
  • 26
    Schmidbauer J, Remzi M, Memarsadeghi M et al. Diagnostic accuracy of computed tomography-guided percutaneous biopsy of renal masses. Eur. Urol. 2008; 53: 100311.
  • 27
    Schaefer O, Lohrmann C, Ghanem N, Langer MC. T-guided radiofrequency heat ablation of malignant lung tumors. Med. Sci. Monit. 2003; 9: MT12731.