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Keywords:

  • carcinoma;
  • cervical esophagus;
  • free jejunal graft;
  • gastric pull-up;
  • hypopharynx.

SUMMARY.  The purpose of this study is to evaluate the operative outcomes of a gastric pull-up and free jejunal graft reconstruction after resection of hypopharyngeal and cervical esophageal carcinoma. Records of all patients who underwent esophageal resection for carcinoma of the hypopharynx and cervical esophagus were reviewed. Reconstruction after esophagectomy was performed using the gastric pull-up (n = 38) or free jejunal graft (n = 14) techniques. The hypopharynx was the most common primary tumor site for the free jejunal graft group, whereas the gastric pull-up group had lesions more frequently in the cervical esophagus (P < 0.05). Both operative time and blood loss in the gastric pull-up group were significantly longer and excessive than those of the free jejunal graft group (P < 0.05). The graft survival rate was 95% (32/34) in the gastric pull-up group and 93% (13/14) for the free jejunal transfer group. The overall leakage rate was 1.9% (1/52). Three patients died (6%) in the postoperative period. There was no significant difference with regard to operative morbidity and mortality between the gastric pull-up group and free jejunal graft group. In conclusion, both free jejunal graft and gastric pull-up are safe and effective methods for the immediate restoration of alimentary continuity.