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Keywords:

  • esophageal caustic stenosis;
  • left colon graft;
  • mortality and morbidity

SUMMARY

The adequacy of the blood supply to the left colon graft and its ability to transport food effectively from pharynx to stomach made it an esophageal substitute of choice, particularly in esophageal caustic stricture. From 1999 to 2009, 60 patients underwent colon interposition for esophageal caustic stricture (n= 57) and cancer (n= 3). An isoperistaltic colonic graft based on the left colonic artery could be used in all of these patients. The substernal route was used exclusively, and upper thoracic inlet was opened when necessary. The isoperistaltic left colonic graft interposed by substernal route represents the surgical procedure of choice in all operations performed for esophageal substitution during the study period. The operative mortality rate was 3.3%. A cervical fistula occurred in 10 patients (16.6%) and cervical anastomotic stricture in five patients (8.3%). Dilation was required in all the stricture of the esophageal colonic anastomosis with good response. The isoperistaltic left colic transplant supplied by the left colic pedicle is an excellent long-term replacement organ for the esophageal caustic stenosis. When performed by experienced surgeons, the left isoperistaltic esophagocoloplasty is a satisfactory surgical method for esophageal reconstruction with acceptable early morbidity and good long-term functional results.