A big hole and a big heart: an unusual case of esophageal dysphagia


  • Conflict of interest statement: No financial relationships with a commercial entity producing health care-related products and/or services relevant to this article exist with any of the authors listed. No authors have any conflicts of interest to disclose.

  • Authors' contributions: Ryan Gaffney, DO: lead author, image construction, writing and revision of manuscript, patient care. Matthew Moyer, MD, MS: image construction, revision and proofreading of manuscript, cover letter. John P. Boehmer, MD, FACC: patient care, proofreading of manuscript. Jeremy Rier, DO: patient care, image acquisition, proofread and edited manuscript.

Ryan R. Gaffney, DO, Department of Internal Medicine, Penn State Hershey Medical Center, 500 University Drive, P.O. Box 850, Mail Code H039, Hershey, PA 17033, USA. Email: rgaffney@hmc.psu.edu

No abstract is available for this article.