Nicola Munro, David Lindenmayer and Joern Fischer are from the Fenner School of Environment and Society (Hancock Building (43), Biology Place, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia; Tel. +61 2 61251495, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com). The research was undertaken in response to a need for collated and reviewed information on how fauna respond to revegetation and how we can best revegetate to maximize use by fauna.
Faunal response to revegetation in agricultural areas of Australia: A review
Article first published online: 29 OCT 2007
Ecological Management & Restoration
Volume 8, Issue 3, pages 199–207, December 2007
How to Cite
Munro, N. T., Lindenmayer, D. B. and Fischer, J. (2007), Faunal response to revegetation in agricultural areas of Australia: A review. Ecological Management & Restoration, 8: 199–207. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-8903.2007.00368.x
- Issue published online: 29 OCT 2007
- Article first published online: 29 OCT 2007
- structural complexity
Summary We reviewed the literature on fauna in revegetation in Australian agricultural areas. Of 27 studies, 22 examined birds, with few studies focusing on other faunal groups (four to six studies for each remaining group) and nine examined multiple groups. Existing evidence suggests that revegetation provides habitat for many species of bird and some arboreal marsupials. Species richness of birds was greater in revegetated areas that were large, wide, structurally complex, old and near remnant vegetation. Bats, small terrestrial mammals, reptiles and amphibians did not appear to benefit significantly from revegetation in the short term. Evidence to date suggests that revegetation is not a good replacement of remnant vegetation for many species. Key information gaps exist in the faunal response to (i) revegetation as it ages; (ii) different structural complexities of revegetation; (iii) revegetation that is composed of indigenous vs. non-indigenous plant species; and (iv) revegetation that is in riparian vs. non-riparian locations. In addition, little is known on the value of revegetation for declining or threatened fauna, or of the composition of fauna in revegetation. There is a need to better understand the balance between quantity of revegetation in the landscape, and the quality or complexity of revegetation at the patch scale. Based on current evidence, we recommend revegetation be conducted in patches that are large, wide and structurally complex to maximize the benefits to fauna.