Research challenges to improve the management and conservation of subtropical reefs to tackle climate change threats

(Findings of a workshop conducted in Coffs Harbour, Australia on 13 September 2010)

Authors

  • Maria Beger,

    1. Maria Beger, The School of Biological Sciences, The Ecology Centre and The Commonwealth Research Facility for Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; Email: m.beger@uq.edu.au). Russ Babcock, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (PO Box 120 Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia). David J. Booth, Department of Environmental Sciences (The University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia). Daniel Bucher, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Scott A. Condie, CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship (GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia). Bob Creese, Aquatic Ecosystems, Industry & Investment NSW (Taylors Beach Road, Taylors Beach, Locked Bag 1, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Christopher Cvitanovic, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Biology (Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia). Steve J. Dalton, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Peter Harrison, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Andrew Hoey, School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia). Alan Jordan, NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (Locked Bag 800, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Jennifer Loder, Reef Check Australia (PO Box 13204, George St, Brisbane QLD 4003, Australia). Hamish Malcolm, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Steven W. Purcell, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour NSW 2450, Australia). Chris Roelfsma, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Patrick Sachs, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Stephen D.A. Smith, National Marine Science Centre (Southern Cross University, Bay Drive, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Brigitte Sommer, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Rick Stuart–Smith, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Marine Biodiversity Research Group (University of Tasmania, Hobart TAS 7053, AUstralia). Damian Thomson, CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research (Perth, WA 6014, Australia). Carden C. Wallace, Museum of Tropical Queensland (70-102 Flinders St., Townsville, QLD 4810, Australia). Maria Zann, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). John M. Pandolfi, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia).
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  • Russ Babcock,

    1. Maria Beger, The School of Biological Sciences, The Ecology Centre and The Commonwealth Research Facility for Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; Email: m.beger@uq.edu.au). Russ Babcock, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (PO Box 120 Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia). David J. Booth, Department of Environmental Sciences (The University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia). Daniel Bucher, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Scott A. Condie, CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship (GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia). Bob Creese, Aquatic Ecosystems, Industry & Investment NSW (Taylors Beach Road, Taylors Beach, Locked Bag 1, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Christopher Cvitanovic, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Biology (Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia). Steve J. Dalton, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Peter Harrison, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Andrew Hoey, School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia). Alan Jordan, NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (Locked Bag 800, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Jennifer Loder, Reef Check Australia (PO Box 13204, George St, Brisbane QLD 4003, Australia). Hamish Malcolm, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Steven W. Purcell, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour NSW 2450, Australia). Chris Roelfsma, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Patrick Sachs, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Stephen D.A. Smith, National Marine Science Centre (Southern Cross University, Bay Drive, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Brigitte Sommer, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Rick Stuart–Smith, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Marine Biodiversity Research Group (University of Tasmania, Hobart TAS 7053, AUstralia). Damian Thomson, CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research (Perth, WA 6014, Australia). Carden C. Wallace, Museum of Tropical Queensland (70-102 Flinders St., Townsville, QLD 4810, Australia). Maria Zann, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). John M. Pandolfi, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia).
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  • David J. Booth,

    1. Maria Beger, The School of Biological Sciences, The Ecology Centre and The Commonwealth Research Facility for Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; Email: m.beger@uq.edu.au). Russ Babcock, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (PO Box 120 Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia). David J. Booth, Department of Environmental Sciences (The University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia). Daniel Bucher, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Scott A. Condie, CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship (GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia). Bob Creese, Aquatic Ecosystems, Industry & Investment NSW (Taylors Beach Road, Taylors Beach, Locked Bag 1, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Christopher Cvitanovic, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Biology (Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia). Steve J. Dalton, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Peter Harrison, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Andrew Hoey, School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia). Alan Jordan, NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (Locked Bag 800, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Jennifer Loder, Reef Check Australia (PO Box 13204, George St, Brisbane QLD 4003, Australia). Hamish Malcolm, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Steven W. Purcell, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour NSW 2450, Australia). Chris Roelfsma, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Patrick Sachs, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Stephen D.A. Smith, National Marine Science Centre (Southern Cross University, Bay Drive, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Brigitte Sommer, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Rick Stuart–Smith, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Marine Biodiversity Research Group (University of Tasmania, Hobart TAS 7053, AUstralia). Damian Thomson, CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research (Perth, WA 6014, Australia). Carden C. Wallace, Museum of Tropical Queensland (70-102 Flinders St., Townsville, QLD 4810, Australia). Maria Zann, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). John M. Pandolfi, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia).
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  • Daniel Bucher,

    1. Maria Beger, The School of Biological Sciences, The Ecology Centre and The Commonwealth Research Facility for Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; Email: m.beger@uq.edu.au). Russ Babcock, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (PO Box 120 Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia). David J. Booth, Department of Environmental Sciences (The University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia). Daniel Bucher, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Scott A. Condie, CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship (GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia). Bob Creese, Aquatic Ecosystems, Industry & Investment NSW (Taylors Beach Road, Taylors Beach, Locked Bag 1, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Christopher Cvitanovic, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Biology (Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia). Steve J. Dalton, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Peter Harrison, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Andrew Hoey, School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia). Alan Jordan, NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (Locked Bag 800, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Jennifer Loder, Reef Check Australia (PO Box 13204, George St, Brisbane QLD 4003, Australia). Hamish Malcolm, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Steven W. Purcell, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour NSW 2450, Australia). Chris Roelfsma, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Patrick Sachs, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Stephen D.A. Smith, National Marine Science Centre (Southern Cross University, Bay Drive, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Brigitte Sommer, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Rick Stuart–Smith, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Marine Biodiversity Research Group (University of Tasmania, Hobart TAS 7053, AUstralia). Damian Thomson, CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research (Perth, WA 6014, Australia). Carden C. Wallace, Museum of Tropical Queensland (70-102 Flinders St., Townsville, QLD 4810, Australia). Maria Zann, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). John M. Pandolfi, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia).
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  • Scott A. Condie,

    1. Maria Beger, The School of Biological Sciences, The Ecology Centre and The Commonwealth Research Facility for Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; Email: m.beger@uq.edu.au). Russ Babcock, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (PO Box 120 Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia). David J. Booth, Department of Environmental Sciences (The University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia). Daniel Bucher, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Scott A. Condie, CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship (GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia). Bob Creese, Aquatic Ecosystems, Industry & Investment NSW (Taylors Beach Road, Taylors Beach, Locked Bag 1, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Christopher Cvitanovic, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Biology (Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia). Steve J. Dalton, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Peter Harrison, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Andrew Hoey, School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia). Alan Jordan, NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (Locked Bag 800, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Jennifer Loder, Reef Check Australia (PO Box 13204, George St, Brisbane QLD 4003, Australia). Hamish Malcolm, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Steven W. Purcell, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour NSW 2450, Australia). Chris Roelfsma, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Patrick Sachs, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Stephen D.A. Smith, National Marine Science Centre (Southern Cross University, Bay Drive, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Brigitte Sommer, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Rick Stuart–Smith, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Marine Biodiversity Research Group (University of Tasmania, Hobart TAS 7053, AUstralia). Damian Thomson, CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research (Perth, WA 6014, Australia). Carden C. Wallace, Museum of Tropical Queensland (70-102 Flinders St., Townsville, QLD 4810, Australia). Maria Zann, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). John M. Pandolfi, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia).
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  • Bob Creese,

    1. Maria Beger, The School of Biological Sciences, The Ecology Centre and The Commonwealth Research Facility for Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; Email: m.beger@uq.edu.au). Russ Babcock, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (PO Box 120 Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia). David J. Booth, Department of Environmental Sciences (The University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia). Daniel Bucher, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Scott A. Condie, CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship (GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia). Bob Creese, Aquatic Ecosystems, Industry & Investment NSW (Taylors Beach Road, Taylors Beach, Locked Bag 1, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Christopher Cvitanovic, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Biology (Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia). Steve J. Dalton, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Peter Harrison, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Andrew Hoey, School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia). Alan Jordan, NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (Locked Bag 800, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Jennifer Loder, Reef Check Australia (PO Box 13204, George St, Brisbane QLD 4003, Australia). Hamish Malcolm, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Steven W. Purcell, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour NSW 2450, Australia). Chris Roelfsma, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Patrick Sachs, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Stephen D.A. Smith, National Marine Science Centre (Southern Cross University, Bay Drive, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Brigitte Sommer, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Rick Stuart–Smith, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Marine Biodiversity Research Group (University of Tasmania, Hobart TAS 7053, AUstralia). Damian Thomson, CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research (Perth, WA 6014, Australia). Carden C. Wallace, Museum of Tropical Queensland (70-102 Flinders St., Townsville, QLD 4810, Australia). Maria Zann, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). John M. Pandolfi, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia).
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  • Christopher Cvitanovic,

    1. Maria Beger, The School of Biological Sciences, The Ecology Centre and The Commonwealth Research Facility for Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; Email: m.beger@uq.edu.au). Russ Babcock, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (PO Box 120 Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia). David J. Booth, Department of Environmental Sciences (The University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia). Daniel Bucher, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Scott A. Condie, CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship (GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia). Bob Creese, Aquatic Ecosystems, Industry & Investment NSW (Taylors Beach Road, Taylors Beach, Locked Bag 1, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Christopher Cvitanovic, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Biology (Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia). Steve J. Dalton, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Peter Harrison, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Andrew Hoey, School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia). Alan Jordan, NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (Locked Bag 800, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Jennifer Loder, Reef Check Australia (PO Box 13204, George St, Brisbane QLD 4003, Australia). Hamish Malcolm, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Steven W. Purcell, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour NSW 2450, Australia). Chris Roelfsma, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Patrick Sachs, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Stephen D.A. Smith, National Marine Science Centre (Southern Cross University, Bay Drive, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Brigitte Sommer, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Rick Stuart–Smith, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Marine Biodiversity Research Group (University of Tasmania, Hobart TAS 7053, AUstralia). Damian Thomson, CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research (Perth, WA 6014, Australia). Carden C. Wallace, Museum of Tropical Queensland (70-102 Flinders St., Townsville, QLD 4810, Australia). Maria Zann, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). John M. Pandolfi, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia).
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  • Steve J. Dalton,

    1. Maria Beger, The School of Biological Sciences, The Ecology Centre and The Commonwealth Research Facility for Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; Email: m.beger@uq.edu.au). Russ Babcock, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (PO Box 120 Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia). David J. Booth, Department of Environmental Sciences (The University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia). Daniel Bucher, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Scott A. Condie, CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship (GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia). Bob Creese, Aquatic Ecosystems, Industry & Investment NSW (Taylors Beach Road, Taylors Beach, Locked Bag 1, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Christopher Cvitanovic, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Biology (Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia). Steve J. Dalton, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Peter Harrison, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Andrew Hoey, School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia). Alan Jordan, NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (Locked Bag 800, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Jennifer Loder, Reef Check Australia (PO Box 13204, George St, Brisbane QLD 4003, Australia). Hamish Malcolm, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Steven W. Purcell, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour NSW 2450, Australia). Chris Roelfsma, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Patrick Sachs, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Stephen D.A. Smith, National Marine Science Centre (Southern Cross University, Bay Drive, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Brigitte Sommer, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Rick Stuart–Smith, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Marine Biodiversity Research Group (University of Tasmania, Hobart TAS 7053, AUstralia). Damian Thomson, CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research (Perth, WA 6014, Australia). Carden C. Wallace, Museum of Tropical Queensland (70-102 Flinders St., Townsville, QLD 4810, Australia). Maria Zann, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). John M. Pandolfi, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia).
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  • Peter Harrison,

    1. Maria Beger, The School of Biological Sciences, The Ecology Centre and The Commonwealth Research Facility for Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; Email: m.beger@uq.edu.au). Russ Babcock, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (PO Box 120 Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia). David J. Booth, Department of Environmental Sciences (The University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia). Daniel Bucher, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Scott A. Condie, CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship (GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia). Bob Creese, Aquatic Ecosystems, Industry & Investment NSW (Taylors Beach Road, Taylors Beach, Locked Bag 1, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Christopher Cvitanovic, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Biology (Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia). Steve J. Dalton, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Peter Harrison, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Andrew Hoey, School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia). Alan Jordan, NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (Locked Bag 800, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Jennifer Loder, Reef Check Australia (PO Box 13204, George St, Brisbane QLD 4003, Australia). Hamish Malcolm, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Steven W. Purcell, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour NSW 2450, Australia). Chris Roelfsma, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Patrick Sachs, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Stephen D.A. Smith, National Marine Science Centre (Southern Cross University, Bay Drive, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Brigitte Sommer, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Rick Stuart–Smith, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Marine Biodiversity Research Group (University of Tasmania, Hobart TAS 7053, AUstralia). Damian Thomson, CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research (Perth, WA 6014, Australia). Carden C. Wallace, Museum of Tropical Queensland (70-102 Flinders St., Townsville, QLD 4810, Australia). Maria Zann, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). John M. Pandolfi, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia).
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  • Andrew Hoey,

    1. Maria Beger, The School of Biological Sciences, The Ecology Centre and The Commonwealth Research Facility for Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; Email: m.beger@uq.edu.au). Russ Babcock, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (PO Box 120 Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia). David J. Booth, Department of Environmental Sciences (The University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia). Daniel Bucher, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Scott A. Condie, CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship (GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia). Bob Creese, Aquatic Ecosystems, Industry & Investment NSW (Taylors Beach Road, Taylors Beach, Locked Bag 1, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Christopher Cvitanovic, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Biology (Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia). Steve J. Dalton, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Peter Harrison, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Andrew Hoey, School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia). Alan Jordan, NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (Locked Bag 800, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Jennifer Loder, Reef Check Australia (PO Box 13204, George St, Brisbane QLD 4003, Australia). Hamish Malcolm, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Steven W. Purcell, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour NSW 2450, Australia). Chris Roelfsma, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Patrick Sachs, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Stephen D.A. Smith, National Marine Science Centre (Southern Cross University, Bay Drive, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Brigitte Sommer, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Rick Stuart–Smith, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Marine Biodiversity Research Group (University of Tasmania, Hobart TAS 7053, AUstralia). Damian Thomson, CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research (Perth, WA 6014, Australia). Carden C. Wallace, Museum of Tropical Queensland (70-102 Flinders St., Townsville, QLD 4810, Australia). Maria Zann, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). John M. Pandolfi, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia).
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  • Alan Jordan,

    1. Maria Beger, The School of Biological Sciences, The Ecology Centre and The Commonwealth Research Facility for Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; Email: m.beger@uq.edu.au). Russ Babcock, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (PO Box 120 Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia). David J. Booth, Department of Environmental Sciences (The University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia). Daniel Bucher, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Scott A. Condie, CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship (GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia). Bob Creese, Aquatic Ecosystems, Industry & Investment NSW (Taylors Beach Road, Taylors Beach, Locked Bag 1, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Christopher Cvitanovic, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Biology (Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia). Steve J. Dalton, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Peter Harrison, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Andrew Hoey, School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia). Alan Jordan, NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (Locked Bag 800, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Jennifer Loder, Reef Check Australia (PO Box 13204, George St, Brisbane QLD 4003, Australia). Hamish Malcolm, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Steven W. Purcell, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour NSW 2450, Australia). Chris Roelfsma, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Patrick Sachs, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Stephen D.A. Smith, National Marine Science Centre (Southern Cross University, Bay Drive, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Brigitte Sommer, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Rick Stuart–Smith, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Marine Biodiversity Research Group (University of Tasmania, Hobart TAS 7053, AUstralia). Damian Thomson, CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research (Perth, WA 6014, Australia). Carden C. Wallace, Museum of Tropical Queensland (70-102 Flinders St., Townsville, QLD 4810, Australia). Maria Zann, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). John M. Pandolfi, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia).
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  • Jennifer Loder,

    1. Maria Beger, The School of Biological Sciences, The Ecology Centre and The Commonwealth Research Facility for Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; Email: m.beger@uq.edu.au). Russ Babcock, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (PO Box 120 Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia). David J. Booth, Department of Environmental Sciences (The University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia). Daniel Bucher, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Scott A. Condie, CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship (GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia). Bob Creese, Aquatic Ecosystems, Industry & Investment NSW (Taylors Beach Road, Taylors Beach, Locked Bag 1, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Christopher Cvitanovic, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Biology (Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia). Steve J. Dalton, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Peter Harrison, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Andrew Hoey, School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia). Alan Jordan, NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (Locked Bag 800, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Jennifer Loder, Reef Check Australia (PO Box 13204, George St, Brisbane QLD 4003, Australia). Hamish Malcolm, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Steven W. Purcell, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour NSW 2450, Australia). Chris Roelfsma, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Patrick Sachs, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Stephen D.A. Smith, National Marine Science Centre (Southern Cross University, Bay Drive, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Brigitte Sommer, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Rick Stuart–Smith, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Marine Biodiversity Research Group (University of Tasmania, Hobart TAS 7053, AUstralia). Damian Thomson, CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research (Perth, WA 6014, Australia). Carden C. Wallace, Museum of Tropical Queensland (70-102 Flinders St., Townsville, QLD 4810, Australia). Maria Zann, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). John M. Pandolfi, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia).
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  • Hamish Malcolm,

    1. Maria Beger, The School of Biological Sciences, The Ecology Centre and The Commonwealth Research Facility for Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; Email: m.beger@uq.edu.au). Russ Babcock, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (PO Box 120 Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia). David J. Booth, Department of Environmental Sciences (The University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia). Daniel Bucher, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Scott A. Condie, CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship (GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia). Bob Creese, Aquatic Ecosystems, Industry & Investment NSW (Taylors Beach Road, Taylors Beach, Locked Bag 1, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Christopher Cvitanovic, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Biology (Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia). Steve J. Dalton, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Peter Harrison, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Andrew Hoey, School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia). Alan Jordan, NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (Locked Bag 800, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Jennifer Loder, Reef Check Australia (PO Box 13204, George St, Brisbane QLD 4003, Australia). Hamish Malcolm, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Steven W. Purcell, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour NSW 2450, Australia). Chris Roelfsma, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Patrick Sachs, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Stephen D.A. Smith, National Marine Science Centre (Southern Cross University, Bay Drive, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Brigitte Sommer, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Rick Stuart–Smith, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Marine Biodiversity Research Group (University of Tasmania, Hobart TAS 7053, AUstralia). Damian Thomson, CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research (Perth, WA 6014, Australia). Carden C. Wallace, Museum of Tropical Queensland (70-102 Flinders St., Townsville, QLD 4810, Australia). Maria Zann, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). John M. Pandolfi, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia).
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  • Steven W. Purcell,

    1. Maria Beger, The School of Biological Sciences, The Ecology Centre and The Commonwealth Research Facility for Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; Email: m.beger@uq.edu.au). Russ Babcock, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (PO Box 120 Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia). David J. Booth, Department of Environmental Sciences (The University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia). Daniel Bucher, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Scott A. Condie, CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship (GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia). Bob Creese, Aquatic Ecosystems, Industry & Investment NSW (Taylors Beach Road, Taylors Beach, Locked Bag 1, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Christopher Cvitanovic, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Biology (Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia). Steve J. Dalton, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Peter Harrison, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Andrew Hoey, School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia). Alan Jordan, NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (Locked Bag 800, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Jennifer Loder, Reef Check Australia (PO Box 13204, George St, Brisbane QLD 4003, Australia). Hamish Malcolm, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Steven W. Purcell, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour NSW 2450, Australia). Chris Roelfsma, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Patrick Sachs, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Stephen D.A. Smith, National Marine Science Centre (Southern Cross University, Bay Drive, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Brigitte Sommer, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Rick Stuart–Smith, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Marine Biodiversity Research Group (University of Tasmania, Hobart TAS 7053, AUstralia). Damian Thomson, CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research (Perth, WA 6014, Australia). Carden C. Wallace, Museum of Tropical Queensland (70-102 Flinders St., Townsville, QLD 4810, Australia). Maria Zann, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). John M. Pandolfi, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia).
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  • Chris Roelfsma,

    1. Maria Beger, The School of Biological Sciences, The Ecology Centre and The Commonwealth Research Facility for Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; Email: m.beger@uq.edu.au). Russ Babcock, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (PO Box 120 Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia). David J. Booth, Department of Environmental Sciences (The University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia). Daniel Bucher, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Scott A. Condie, CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship (GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia). Bob Creese, Aquatic Ecosystems, Industry & Investment NSW (Taylors Beach Road, Taylors Beach, Locked Bag 1, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Christopher Cvitanovic, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Biology (Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia). Steve J. Dalton, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Peter Harrison, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Andrew Hoey, School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia). Alan Jordan, NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (Locked Bag 800, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Jennifer Loder, Reef Check Australia (PO Box 13204, George St, Brisbane QLD 4003, Australia). Hamish Malcolm, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Steven W. Purcell, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour NSW 2450, Australia). Chris Roelfsma, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Patrick Sachs, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Stephen D.A. Smith, National Marine Science Centre (Southern Cross University, Bay Drive, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Brigitte Sommer, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Rick Stuart–Smith, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Marine Biodiversity Research Group (University of Tasmania, Hobart TAS 7053, AUstralia). Damian Thomson, CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research (Perth, WA 6014, Australia). Carden C. Wallace, Museum of Tropical Queensland (70-102 Flinders St., Townsville, QLD 4810, Australia). Maria Zann, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). John M. Pandolfi, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia).
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  • Patrick Sachs,

    1. Maria Beger, The School of Biological Sciences, The Ecology Centre and The Commonwealth Research Facility for Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; Email: m.beger@uq.edu.au). Russ Babcock, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (PO Box 120 Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia). David J. Booth, Department of Environmental Sciences (The University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia). Daniel Bucher, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Scott A. Condie, CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship (GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia). Bob Creese, Aquatic Ecosystems, Industry & Investment NSW (Taylors Beach Road, Taylors Beach, Locked Bag 1, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Christopher Cvitanovic, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Biology (Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia). Steve J. Dalton, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Peter Harrison, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Andrew Hoey, School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia). Alan Jordan, NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (Locked Bag 800, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Jennifer Loder, Reef Check Australia (PO Box 13204, George St, Brisbane QLD 4003, Australia). Hamish Malcolm, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Steven W. Purcell, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour NSW 2450, Australia). Chris Roelfsma, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Patrick Sachs, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Stephen D.A. Smith, National Marine Science Centre (Southern Cross University, Bay Drive, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Brigitte Sommer, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Rick Stuart–Smith, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Marine Biodiversity Research Group (University of Tasmania, Hobart TAS 7053, AUstralia). Damian Thomson, CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research (Perth, WA 6014, Australia). Carden C. Wallace, Museum of Tropical Queensland (70-102 Flinders St., Townsville, QLD 4810, Australia). Maria Zann, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). John M. Pandolfi, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia).
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  • Stephen D.A. Smith,

    1. Maria Beger, The School of Biological Sciences, The Ecology Centre and The Commonwealth Research Facility for Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; Email: m.beger@uq.edu.au). Russ Babcock, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (PO Box 120 Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia). David J. Booth, Department of Environmental Sciences (The University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia). Daniel Bucher, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Scott A. Condie, CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship (GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia). Bob Creese, Aquatic Ecosystems, Industry & Investment NSW (Taylors Beach Road, Taylors Beach, Locked Bag 1, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Christopher Cvitanovic, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Biology (Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia). Steve J. Dalton, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Peter Harrison, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Andrew Hoey, School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia). Alan Jordan, NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (Locked Bag 800, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Jennifer Loder, Reef Check Australia (PO Box 13204, George St, Brisbane QLD 4003, Australia). Hamish Malcolm, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Steven W. Purcell, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour NSW 2450, Australia). Chris Roelfsma, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Patrick Sachs, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Stephen D.A. Smith, National Marine Science Centre (Southern Cross University, Bay Drive, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Brigitte Sommer, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Rick Stuart–Smith, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Marine Biodiversity Research Group (University of Tasmania, Hobart TAS 7053, AUstralia). Damian Thomson, CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research (Perth, WA 6014, Australia). Carden C. Wallace, Museum of Tropical Queensland (70-102 Flinders St., Townsville, QLD 4810, Australia). Maria Zann, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). John M. Pandolfi, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia).
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  • Brigitte Sommer,

    1. Maria Beger, The School of Biological Sciences, The Ecology Centre and The Commonwealth Research Facility for Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; Email: m.beger@uq.edu.au). Russ Babcock, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (PO Box 120 Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia). David J. Booth, Department of Environmental Sciences (The University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia). Daniel Bucher, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Scott A. Condie, CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship (GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia). Bob Creese, Aquatic Ecosystems, Industry & Investment NSW (Taylors Beach Road, Taylors Beach, Locked Bag 1, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Christopher Cvitanovic, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Biology (Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia). Steve J. Dalton, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Peter Harrison, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Andrew Hoey, School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia). Alan Jordan, NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (Locked Bag 800, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Jennifer Loder, Reef Check Australia (PO Box 13204, George St, Brisbane QLD 4003, Australia). Hamish Malcolm, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Steven W. Purcell, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour NSW 2450, Australia). Chris Roelfsma, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Patrick Sachs, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Stephen D.A. Smith, National Marine Science Centre (Southern Cross University, Bay Drive, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Brigitte Sommer, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Rick Stuart–Smith, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Marine Biodiversity Research Group (University of Tasmania, Hobart TAS 7053, AUstralia). Damian Thomson, CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research (Perth, WA 6014, Australia). Carden C. Wallace, Museum of Tropical Queensland (70-102 Flinders St., Townsville, QLD 4810, Australia). Maria Zann, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). John M. Pandolfi, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia).
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  • Rick Stuart-Smith,

    1. Maria Beger, The School of Biological Sciences, The Ecology Centre and The Commonwealth Research Facility for Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; Email: m.beger@uq.edu.au). Russ Babcock, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (PO Box 120 Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia). David J. Booth, Department of Environmental Sciences (The University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia). Daniel Bucher, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Scott A. Condie, CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship (GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia). Bob Creese, Aquatic Ecosystems, Industry & Investment NSW (Taylors Beach Road, Taylors Beach, Locked Bag 1, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Christopher Cvitanovic, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Biology (Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia). Steve J. Dalton, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Peter Harrison, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Andrew Hoey, School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia). Alan Jordan, NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (Locked Bag 800, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Jennifer Loder, Reef Check Australia (PO Box 13204, George St, Brisbane QLD 4003, Australia). Hamish Malcolm, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Steven W. Purcell, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour NSW 2450, Australia). Chris Roelfsma, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Patrick Sachs, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Stephen D.A. Smith, National Marine Science Centre (Southern Cross University, Bay Drive, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Brigitte Sommer, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Rick Stuart–Smith, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Marine Biodiversity Research Group (University of Tasmania, Hobart TAS 7053, AUstralia). Damian Thomson, CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research (Perth, WA 6014, Australia). Carden C. Wallace, Museum of Tropical Queensland (70-102 Flinders St., Townsville, QLD 4810, Australia). Maria Zann, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). John M. Pandolfi, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia).
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  • Damian Thomson,

    1. Maria Beger, The School of Biological Sciences, The Ecology Centre and The Commonwealth Research Facility for Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; Email: m.beger@uq.edu.au). Russ Babcock, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (PO Box 120 Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia). David J. Booth, Department of Environmental Sciences (The University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia). Daniel Bucher, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Scott A. Condie, CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship (GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia). Bob Creese, Aquatic Ecosystems, Industry & Investment NSW (Taylors Beach Road, Taylors Beach, Locked Bag 1, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Christopher Cvitanovic, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Biology (Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia). Steve J. Dalton, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Peter Harrison, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Andrew Hoey, School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia). Alan Jordan, NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (Locked Bag 800, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Jennifer Loder, Reef Check Australia (PO Box 13204, George St, Brisbane QLD 4003, Australia). Hamish Malcolm, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Steven W. Purcell, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour NSW 2450, Australia). Chris Roelfsma, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Patrick Sachs, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Stephen D.A. Smith, National Marine Science Centre (Southern Cross University, Bay Drive, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Brigitte Sommer, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Rick Stuart–Smith, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Marine Biodiversity Research Group (University of Tasmania, Hobart TAS 7053, AUstralia). Damian Thomson, CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research (Perth, WA 6014, Australia). Carden C. Wallace, Museum of Tropical Queensland (70-102 Flinders St., Townsville, QLD 4810, Australia). Maria Zann, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). John M. Pandolfi, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia).
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  • Carden C. Wallace,

    1. Maria Beger, The School of Biological Sciences, The Ecology Centre and The Commonwealth Research Facility for Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; Email: m.beger@uq.edu.au). Russ Babcock, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (PO Box 120 Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia). David J. Booth, Department of Environmental Sciences (The University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia). Daniel Bucher, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Scott A. Condie, CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship (GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia). Bob Creese, Aquatic Ecosystems, Industry & Investment NSW (Taylors Beach Road, Taylors Beach, Locked Bag 1, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Christopher Cvitanovic, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Biology (Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia). Steve J. Dalton, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Peter Harrison, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Andrew Hoey, School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia). Alan Jordan, NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (Locked Bag 800, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Jennifer Loder, Reef Check Australia (PO Box 13204, George St, Brisbane QLD 4003, Australia). Hamish Malcolm, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Steven W. Purcell, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour NSW 2450, Australia). Chris Roelfsma, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Patrick Sachs, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Stephen D.A. Smith, National Marine Science Centre (Southern Cross University, Bay Drive, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Brigitte Sommer, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Rick Stuart–Smith, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Marine Biodiversity Research Group (University of Tasmania, Hobart TAS 7053, AUstralia). Damian Thomson, CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research (Perth, WA 6014, Australia). Carden C. Wallace, Museum of Tropical Queensland (70-102 Flinders St., Townsville, QLD 4810, Australia). Maria Zann, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). John M. Pandolfi, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia).
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  • Maria Zann,

    1. Maria Beger, The School of Biological Sciences, The Ecology Centre and The Commonwealth Research Facility for Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; Email: m.beger@uq.edu.au). Russ Babcock, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (PO Box 120 Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia). David J. Booth, Department of Environmental Sciences (The University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia). Daniel Bucher, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Scott A. Condie, CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship (GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia). Bob Creese, Aquatic Ecosystems, Industry & Investment NSW (Taylors Beach Road, Taylors Beach, Locked Bag 1, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Christopher Cvitanovic, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Biology (Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia). Steve J. Dalton, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Peter Harrison, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Andrew Hoey, School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia). Alan Jordan, NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (Locked Bag 800, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Jennifer Loder, Reef Check Australia (PO Box 13204, George St, Brisbane QLD 4003, Australia). Hamish Malcolm, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Steven W. Purcell, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour NSW 2450, Australia). Chris Roelfsma, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Patrick Sachs, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Stephen D.A. Smith, National Marine Science Centre (Southern Cross University, Bay Drive, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Brigitte Sommer, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Rick Stuart–Smith, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Marine Biodiversity Research Group (University of Tasmania, Hobart TAS 7053, AUstralia). Damian Thomson, CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research (Perth, WA 6014, Australia). Carden C. Wallace, Museum of Tropical Queensland (70-102 Flinders St., Townsville, QLD 4810, Australia). Maria Zann, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). John M. Pandolfi, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia).
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  • John M. Pandolfi

    1. Maria Beger, The School of Biological Sciences, The Ecology Centre and The Commonwealth Research Facility for Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; Email: m.beger@uq.edu.au). Russ Babcock, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (PO Box 120 Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia). David J. Booth, Department of Environmental Sciences (The University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia). Daniel Bucher, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Scott A. Condie, CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship (GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia). Bob Creese, Aquatic Ecosystems, Industry & Investment NSW (Taylors Beach Road, Taylors Beach, Locked Bag 1, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Christopher Cvitanovic, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Biology (Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia). Steve J. Dalton, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Peter Harrison, Marine Ecology Research Centre Southern Cross University (PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480, Australia). Andrew Hoey, School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia). Alan Jordan, NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (Locked Bag 800, Nelson Bay, NSW 2315, Australia). Jennifer Loder, Reef Check Australia (PO Box 13204, George St, Brisbane QLD 4003, Australia). Hamish Malcolm, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Steven W. Purcell, National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University (PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour NSW 2450, Australia). Chris Roelfsma, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Patrick Sachs, NSW Marine Parks Authority (Solitary Islands Marine Park, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Stephen D.A. Smith, National Marine Science Centre (Southern Cross University, Bay Drive, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia). Brigitte Sommer, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). Rick Stuart–Smith, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Marine Biodiversity Research Group (University of Tasmania, Hobart TAS 7053, AUstralia). Damian Thomson, CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research (Perth, WA 6014, Australia). Carden C. Wallace, Museum of Tropical Queensland (70-102 Flinders St., Townsville, QLD 4810, Australia). Maria Zann, Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmental Research, School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia). John M. Pandolfi, The School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia).
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Summary

This paper reports on a workshop conducted in Australia in 2010, entitled ‘Management, Conservation, and Scientific Challenges on Subtropical Reefs under Climate Change’. The workshop brought together 26 experts actively involved in the science and management of subtropical reefs. Its primary aim was to identify the areas of research that need to be most urgently addressed to improve the decision-making framework for managers of subtropical reefs. The main findings of the workshop were a sustainable subtropical reefs declaration that highlights seven research priorities for subtropical reefs. These are to (i) conduct research and management activities across local government, state and bioregion borders; (ii) understand natural variability of environmental conditions; (iii) quantify socio-economic factors and ecosystem services; (iv) benchmark cross-realm connectivity; (v) know marine population connectivity; (vi) habitat mapping and ecological research; and (v) determine refugia. These findings are hoped to form a basis for focussing research efforts, leveraging funds and assisting managers with allocation of resources.

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