Anterior uveitis is associated with a variety of underlying systemic diseases but the association between bilateral acute anterior uveitis (BAAU) and lung and pleural malignancy is not widely recognized. The case is described here of a 61-year-old woman presenting to an eye clinic with BAAU. A routine chest radiograph performed principally to exclude pulmonary sarcoidosis revealed an intrapulmonary mass and she was subsequently found to have widespread lung and pleural malignancies. Evidence is discussed that suggests a link and potential aetiology between BAAU and lung and pleural malignancies. The present case shows the virtue of requesting a chest radiograph in patients presenting with BAAU, even in the absence of other symptoms or clinical findings.