Background: This study was undertaken to analyse the OA1 gene (GPR143) and its involvement in a Spanish family presenting with nystagmus, a common symptom of X-linked ocular albinism (XLOA).
Methods: DNA samples from the index case and eight relatives were analysed by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA). Sequence analysis and restriction assay were used to confirm the results. In addition, an analysis of a STR located in intron 1 of the OA1 gene (OA-CA) was performed.
Results: The father of the proband presented with nystagmus, a feature consistent with XLOA. Mutation screening by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification and sequence analysis of the exon 2 of the OA1 gene led to the identification of the novel p.Glu129fsX35 (g.5815delA) mutation in two affected males and four carrier females. Three relatives were found to be non-mutated. The deletion detected resulted in a truncated protein 35 codons downstream and generated a new restriction site for the XcmI endonuclease. Additionally, microsatellite analysis showed co-segregation with the disease in the family.
Conclusions: A novel deletion in the OA1 gene was identified in a Spanish family with ocular albinism. The mutation detected is likely a loss-of-function alteration. To the best of our knowledge, we describe the first Spanish family known to present with XLOA due to mutations in the OA1 gene.