Purpose: There is a paucity of published data on the management of upper eyelid cicatricial entropion. We report on our results using such techniques as lamella repositioning, recession or augmentation and terminal tarsal rotation.
Design: Observational retrospective case series.
Participants: Consecutive cases of upper eyelid cicatricial entropion of two specialist oculoplastic centres (Corneoplastic Unit, East Grinstead, UK and South Australian Institute of Ophthalmology, Adelaide, Australia) were reviewed over a 7-year period.
Methods: All patients underwent anterior lamellar repositioning or terminal tarsal rotation.
Main Outcome Measures: Success was defined by two definitions: anatomical success was defined where the lid margin was restored to its normal position. Complete success was defined where there were no eyelashes touching the globe. Gain or loss (≤ or ≥2 Snellen lines) in best corrected visual acuity using a Snellen chart and resolution of any corneal epitheliopathy at final follow-up were also recorded (as graded by experienced oculoplastic consultants).
Results: Fifty-two procedures were performed on 41 patients (11 bilateral). All patients underwent either an anterior lamellar repositioning or a terminal tarsal rotation. Trachoma, previous upper lid surgery, Stevens–Johnson syndrome and meibomian gland dysfunction were the commonest underlying diagnoses. Ninety-eight per cent of the group had a normal anatomical lid position at follow-up. Nine eyelids (17%) of the group had recurrence of trichiasis.
Conclusion: This large case series demonstrates that upper eyelid cicatricial entropion is managed effectively utilizing procedures that involve recession and reposition. We recommend that excision of tissue is avoided, especially in pathology that has a progressive immunological cicatricial drive.