Competing/conflicts of interest: No stated conflict of interest.
Impact of gender on first eye cataract surgery and motor vehicle crash risk for older drivers
Article first published online: 20 FEB 2012
© 2011 The Authors. Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology © 2011 Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists
Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
Volume 40, Issue 6, pages 591–596, August 2012
How to Cite
Meuleners, L. B., Ng, J. Q., Fraser, M., Hendrie, D. and Morlet, N. (2012), Impact of gender on first eye cataract surgery and motor vehicle crash risk for older drivers. Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology, 40: 591–596. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-9071.2011.02751.x
Funding sources: This research has been funded by an Australian Research Council (ARC) Discovery grant. The ARC provided funding only for the project.
- Issue published online: 13 AUG 2012
- Article first published online: 20 FEB 2012
- Accepted manuscript online: 15 DEC 2011 05:47AM EST
- Received 12 September 2011; accepted 24 November 2011.
- cataract surgery;
Background: No study to date has examined gender differences in crash risk after cataract surgery. Therefore, this study aimed to determine gender-related differences in the effectiveness of first eye cataract surgery in reducing crash risk for older drivers.
Design: This retrospective before and after study used whole population linked data to compare the frequency of police reported crashes 1 year before and 1 year after first eye cataract surgery for the years 1997–2006.
Participants: All patients aged 60–85 years who had first eye cataract surgery between 1997 and 2006 in Western Australia and were involved in a motor vehicle crash 12 months before and/ or after surgery.
Methods: Two separate generalized estimating equation Poisson models were undertaken for males and females to compare crash frequency before and after surgery.
Main Outcome Measures: Police-reported crashes before and after cataract surgery.
Results: A large proportion of the cohort involved in a crash either 1 year before or 1 year after first eye cataract surgery were male (n = 1091, 63.6%) compared with female (n = 624, 36.3%). Results from the generalized estimating equation Poisson models showed a significant reduction of 15.3% (P = 0.040) in all police reported crash frequency for males 1 year after cataract surgery. However, there was no significant change in crash frequency after surgery for females.
Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that clinicians may need to take gender into account when advising patients on driving safety before and after cataract surgery.