Competing/conflicts of interest: No stated conflict of interest.
Near-vision impairment and unresolved vision problems in Indigenous Australian adults
Article first published online: 17 SEP 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology © 2012 Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists
Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
Volume 41, Issue 3, pages 223–230, April 2013
How to Cite
Arnold, A.-L. M., Goujon, N., Busija, L., Fox, S., Xie, J., Dunn, R. A., Keeffe, J. E. and Taylor, H. R. (2013), Near-vision impairment and unresolved vision problems in Indigenous Australian adults. Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology, 41: 223–230. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-9071.2012.02846.x
Funding sources: The study was supported by RANZCO Eye Foundation, the Vision Cooperative Research Centre, the International Centre for Eyecare Education and the Harold Mitchell Foundation.
- Issue published online: 9 APR 2013
- Article first published online: 17 SEP 2012
- Accepted manuscript online: 12 JUL 2012 08:15AM EST
- Received 3 February 2012; accepted 3 June 2012.
- near-vision impairment;
- unresolved vision problem;
- quality of life;
- Indigenous Australian
Background: To describe near-vision impairment, self-reported unresolved vision problems and barriers to having near-vision correction in Indigenous Australians.
Design: A nationwide population-based study designed to determine the causes and prevalence of vision loss and utilization of eye care services.
Participants: Indigenous Australians aged ≥40 years.
Methods: Using a multistage random cluster sampling methodology, 30 geographical areas stratified by remoteness were selected to obtain a representation of Indigenous Australians. Visual acuity was conducted using a standard E chart. A questionnaire collected data on eye health, eye care service utilization and vision-related quality of life.
Main Outcome Measures: Near-vision impairment defined as presenting binocular near visual acuity <N8. Self-reported unresolved vision problems defined as anything considered an eye/vision problem by the participant, including distance and/or near-vision impairments, not resolved after seeking care and quality-of-life scores.
Results: Being aged 50–59 years (reference group 40–49 years), speaking a language other than English at home and vision loss (distance vision impairment and blindness) increased the odds of near-vision impairment. Of those with near-vision impairment, 37% (175/468) reported not having near-vision correction. Being aged 60–69 years, speaking a language other than English at home and having vision loss decreased the odds of having near-vision correction. Longer time since last consultation was associated with unresolved vision problems and worse quality-of-life scores.
Conclusion: There remains a large unmet need in regard to near-vision correction. Many Indigenous adults have unresolved vision problems that could be resolved with regular consultations with eye care services.