• Eucalyptus marginata;
  • jarrah;
  • litterfall;
  • mining;
  • rehabilitation;
  • sclerophyll forest

Abstract Above-ground biomass and its nutrient content were measured in a 15.5 year old rehabilitated bauxite mine in the jarrah forest of southwest Australia. The litterfall and its nutrient content was also measured on the same site, 4–6 years and 8–10 years after rehabilitation. The total mass of the vegetation and litter was 103t ha−1, 25% of that in a nearby jarrah forest. The mass of the trees was 58t ha−1, approximately 22% of that in the jarrah forest. The amount of nitrogen in the soil, in the litter and in the understorey, and in the total system, exceeded that in the nearby jarrah forest. Annual litterfall in the rehabilitated area was comparable to that measured in the jarrah forest and other dry sclerophyll forests. The nitrogen content of the litterfall in the rehabilitated area was around three to four times that in other dry sclerophyll forests.