No behavioural compensation for fitness costs of autotomy in a lizard
Article first published online: 10 OCT 2005
Volume 30, Issue 7, pages 713–718, November 2005
How to Cite
LANGKILDE, T., ALFORD, R. A. and SCHWARZKOPF, L. (2005), No behavioural compensation for fitness costs of autotomy in a lizard. Austral Ecology, 30: 713–718. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-9993.2005.01512.x
- Issue published online: 10 OCT 2005
- Article first published online: 10 OCT 2005
- Accepted for publication March 2005.
- Carlia jarnoldae;
- mating success;
- tail loss
Abstract Antipredator mechanisms employed by animals are obviously beneficial if they increase survival, but their use may be costly and decrease fitness. Fitness costs of antipredator mechanisms may, in turn, be defrayed by behavioural compensation. We used lizards as a model to measure behavioural fitness costs of the antipredator mechanism, autotomy, as they commonly lose their tails when attacked by predators. In addition, we examined whether male skinks, Carlia jarnoldae (Scincidae), behaviourally compensate for tail loss by comparing the behaviour of tailed and tailless males in experimental enclosures, either alone, with a conspecific male or female, or with a predator. Tailless males experience several costs of autotomy including reduced energy stores, and loss of autotomy as a defence. We identified an additional cost of tail loss: reduced mating success. However, this species did not behaviourally compensate these costs. Instead, characteristics of the ecology of C. jarnoldae may minimize the costs of autotomy. This species experiences an extended breeding season, which means that they experience reduced mating success for only 20% of this breeding season. Additionally, the presence of inguinal fat stores which supply energy in addition to stores in the tail reduce energetic costs.