SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Allan D. G., Harrison J. A., Navarro R. A., Van Wilgen B. W. & Thompson M. W. (1997) The impact of commercial afforestation on bird populations in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa – insights from bird-atlas data. Biol. Conserv. 79, 17385.
  • Anon. (1997) Ecological weeds on conservation land in New Zealand: a database. January 1997 working draft (compiled by S. J. Owen). Department of Conservation, Wellington.
  • Anon. (1999) Decenas de evacuados por voraz incendio forestal en Bariloche [Cited 17 May 1999.] Available from URL: http://www.rionegro.com.ar/arch199905/elpilar.html
  • Anon. (2000) Se agrava el incendio de Cuesta del Ternero [Cited 4 January 2000.] Available from URL: http://www.rionegro.com.ar/arch200001/25-000104.html
  • Baldanzi G., Ritterschofer F. O. & Reissman C. B. (1974) Procedências de Pinus sp. adaptadas às condições ecológicas dos planaltos sulinos. Revista Floresta 5, 314.
  • Barnhart S. J., McBride J. R. & Warner P. (1996) Invasion of northern oak woodlands by Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco in the Sonoma Mountains of California. Madroño 43, 2845.
  • Belton M. C. & Ledgard N. J. (1991) A study of the spread of exotic trees in the Canterbury high country. J. Tussock Grassl. Mt. Lands Inst. Rev. 48, 4150.
  • Bowman R. G. (2004) Responsibilities of local government in wilding conifer management. In: Managing Wilding Conifers in New Zealand – Present and Future (eds R. L.Hill, S. M.Zydenbos & C. M.Bezar) pp. 4553. Zealand Plant Protection Society, Lincoln.
  • Brooks M. L., D'Antonio C. M., Richardson D. M. et al. (2004) Effects of invasive alien plants on fire regimes. Bioscience 54, 67788.
  • Burdon J. J. & Chilvers G. A. (1994) Demographic changes and the development of competition in a native Australian eucalypt forest invaded by exotic pines. Oecologia 97, 41923.
  • Bustamante R. O. & Castor C. (1998) The decline of an endangered temperate ecosystem: the ruil (Nothofagus alessandrii) forest in central Chile. Biodivers. Conserv. 7, 160726.
  • Bustamante R. O. & Simonetti J. A. (2005) Is Pinus radiata invading the native vegetation in central Chile? Demographic responses in a fragmented forest. Biol. Invasions 7, 2439.
  • Bustamante R. O., Serey I. A. & Pickett S. T. A. (2003) Forest fragmentation, plant regeneration and invasion processes across edges in central Chile. In: How Landscapes Change. Ecological Studies 162 (eds G. A.Bradshaw & P. A.Marquet) pp. 14560. Springer, Berlin.
  • Carron L. T. (1979) Forestry in the Australian environment – the background. Aust. For. 42, 6373.
  • Chauchard L. M., Loguercio G. A. & Sens Hourcade J. (1988) Inventario Forestal. Plantaciones. Area Península Huemul. Informe Técnico, Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi. Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi, Bariloche.
  • Corley J., Sackmann P., Rusch V., Bettinelli J. & Paritsis J. (2006) Effects of pine silviculture on the ant assemblages (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Patagonian steppe. For. Ecol. Manage. 222, 1626.
  • Cozzo D. (1987) Evolución de la silvicultura de plantaciones forestales en Argentina. La postulación de mayores espacios de mejoramiento silvicultura. Simposio sobre Silvicultura y Mejoramiento Genético de Especies Forestales 1, 8195. Centro de Investigaciones y Experiencias Forestales, Buenos Aires.
  • Cozzo D. (1994) Conversión de plantaciones forestales de especies exóticas en sistemas sostenibles en Argentina. Investigación Agraria, Sistemas y Recursos Forestales 3, 3142.
  • Cozzo D. & Tuset R. (1996) La ocurrencia de masivas regeneraciones seminales de Pinus taeda en la región de Piedras Coloradas, Uruguay. Quebracho 4, 3542.
  • Crooks J. A. (2005) Lag times and exotic species: the ecology and management of biological invasions in slow motion. Écoscience 12, 31629.
  • Crémière L. & Ehrhart Y. (1990) 30 ans d'introduction d'espèces de pins en Nouvelle-Calédonie. Bois et Forêts des Tropiques 223, 323.
  • Cuevas Y. A. & Zalba S. M. (2009) Recovery of native grasslands after removing invasive pines. Restor. Ecol. (forthcoming).
  • DGF (Dirección General Forestale del Uruguay) (2007) Superficie total de bosques [Cited 17 August 2008.] Available from URL: http://www.mgap.gub.uy/Forestal/DGF.htm
  • Daehler C. C. (2005) Upper-montane plant invasions in the Hawaiian Islands: patterns and opportunities. Perspect. Plant Ecol. Evol. Syst. 7, 20316.
  • Espinosa M., Escobar R. & Drake F. (1990) Silvicultura de las plantaciones forestales en Chile: pasado, presente y futuro. Agro-Ciencia 6, 13144.
  • Fahey B. (1994) The effect of plantation forestry on water yield in New Zealand. N. Z. J. For. 29, 1823.
  • Gargominy O., Bouchet P., Pascal M., Jaffré M. & Tourneur J.-C. (1996) Conséquences des introductions d'espèces végétales et animales sur la biodiversité en Nouvelle-Calédonie. Revue d'écologie 51, 375402.
  • Gascón A. (2005) Situación forestal y biodiversidad de Aysén. Proyecto fortalecimiento Ciudadano, Coyhaique-Santiago, Chile.
  • Geldenhuys C. J., Le Roux P. J. & Cooper K. H. (1986) Alien invasions in indigenous evergreen forest. In: The Ecology and Management of Biological Invasions in Southern Africa (eds I. A. W.Macdonald, F. J.Kruger & A. A.Ferrar) pp. 11932. Oxford University Press, Cape Town.
  • Gush M., Scott D., Jewitt G. et al. (2002) Estimation of streamflow reductions resulting from commercial afforestation in South Africa. WRC Report TT 173/02. Water Research Commission, Pretoria.
  • Harding M. (2001) South Island Wilding Conifer Strategy. Department of Conservation, Christchurch.
  • Hermann R. & Lavender D. (1990) Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco. In: Silvics of North America. Vol. I. Conifers. Agriculture Handbook 654 (eds R. M.Burns & B. H.Honkala) pp. 52240. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Washington, D.C.
  • Higgins S. I. & Richardson D. M. (1998) Pine invasions in the southern hemisphere: modelling interactions between organism, environment and disturbance. Plant Ecol. 135, 7993.
  • Higgins S. I. & Richardson D. M. (1999) Predicting plant migration rates in a changing world: the role of long-distance dispersal. Am. Nat. 153, 46475.
  • Higgins S. I., Richardson D. M. & Cowling R. M. (2000) Using a dynamic landscape model for planning the management of alien plant invasions. Ecol. Applic. 10, 183348.
  • I3N-Brasil. (2008) Base de Dados sobre Espécies Exóticas Invasoras [Cited 8 March 2008.] Available from URL: http://i3n.instituohorus.org.br
  • I3N-Uruguay. (2008) National Database on Invasive Alien Species [Cited 12 September 2008.] Available from URL: http://uruguayi3n.iabin.net/
  • Jackson R. B., Banner J. L., Jobbágy E. G., Pockman W. T. & Wall D. H. (2002) Ecosystem carbon loss with woody plant invasion of grasslands. Nature 418, 6236.
  • Jackson R. B., Jobbagy E. G., Avissar R. et al. (2005) Trading water for carbon with biological sequestration. Science 310, 19447.
  • Jaffré T., Rigault F. & Dagostini G. (1998) Impact des feux de brousse sur les maquis ligno-herbacés des roches ultramafiques de Nouvelle-Calédonie. Adansonia 20, 17389.
  • Knight K. S., Kurylo J. S., Endress A. G., Stewart J. R. & Reich P. B. (2007) Ecology and ecosystem impacts of common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica): a review. Biol. Invasions 9, 92537.
  • Lara A. & Veblen T. T. (1993) Forest plantations in Chile: a successful model? In: Afforestation: Policies, Planning and Progress (ed. A.Mather) pp. 11839. Belhaven Press, London.
  • Le Maitre D. C. (1998) Pines in cultivation: a global view. In: Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus (ed. D. M.Richardson) pp. 40731. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Le Maitre D. C., Versfeld D. B. & Chapman R. A. (2000) The impact of invading alien plants on surface water resources in South Africa: a preliminary assessment. Water SA 26, 397408.
  • Le Mire Pécheux L. (1996) Impact écologique de l'introduction d'une espèce végétale sur la diversité floristique endémique des maquis miniers de la Nouvelle-Calédonie. Le cas des plantations de Pinus caribaea var hondurensis (WILD) dans la Province Sud (La Plaine des Lacs) (DEA Thesis). Environnement et Sociétés, Université d'Orléans.
  • Ledgard N. (1988) The spread of introduced trees in New Zealand's rangelands – South Island high country experience. Tussock Grassl. Mt. Lands Inst. Rev. 44, 18.
  • Ledgard N. (2001) The spread of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta, Dougl.) in New Zealand. For. Ecol. Manage. 141, 4357.
  • Ledgard N. (2002) The spread of Douglas-fir into native forests. N. Z. J. For. 27, 368.
  • Ledgard N. (2004) Wilding conifers – New Zealand history and research background. In: Managing Wilding Conifers in New Zealand – Present and Future (eds R. L.Hill, S. M.Zydenbos & C. M.Bezar) pp. 125. Zealand Plant Protection Society, Lincoln.
  • Ledgard N. & Langer E. R. (1999) Wilding Prevention – Guidelines for Minimising the Risk of Unwanted Spread from New Plantings of Introduced Conifers. Forest Research, Fendalton, Christchurch.
  • Liesenfeld M. V. A. & Pellegrim L. M. (2003) Risco ecológico: a invasão por Pinus e a problemática das espécies alienígenas vegetais no Parque Etadual de Itapuã– Viamão. RS. [Cited 15 September 2009.] Available from URL: http://www.institutohorus.org.br/download/artigos/LIESENFELD_PELOTAS_2004.pdf/
  • Lister M. H. (1959) A forgotten experiment in tree planting. South African Forestry Journal 33, 5966.
  • Lockwood J. L., Hoopes M. F. & Marchetti M. P. (2007) Invasion Ecology. Blackwell, Malden.
  • Loewe V. & Murillo P. (2001) Estudio de ensayos de introducción de especies. INFOR, Santiago.
  • Long M. A. (1997) Actualización del conocimiento florístico del Parque Provincial Ernesto Tornquist. Ministerio de Asuntos Agrarios, Provincia de Buenos Aires – Universidad Nacional del Sur, Bahia Blanca, Argentina.
  • Lowe S., Browne M., Boudjelas S. & De Poorter M. (2001) 100 of the World's Worst Invasive Alien Species. Invasive Species Specialist Group, IUCN, Gland.
  • López E. D. & Cussac C. M. (1943) Árboles forestales en el Uruguay y problemas afines. Imprenta J. Mercant, Montevideo.
  • Mabugu R. & Chitiga M. (2002) Accounting for forest resources in Zimbabwe. CEEPA Discussion Paper Series.
  • McDonald G. T. (1993) Reafforestation in Australia. In: Afforestation: Policies, Planning and Progress (ed. A.Mather) pp. 16280. Belhaven Press, London.
  • McQueen C., Noemdoe S. & Jezile N. (2000) The Working for Water Programme. In: Best Management Practices for Preventing and Controlling Invasive Alien Species, Symposium Proceedings (ed. G.Preston, G.Brown & E.Van Wyk) pp. 514. The Working for Water Programme, Cape Town.
  • Maclaren J. P. (1996) Environmental Effects of Planted Forests in New Zealand. FRI Bulletin No. 198. New Zealand Forest Research Institute, Rotorua.
  • Matthews S. & Brand K. (2005) South American invaded: the growing danger of invasive alien species. GISP (Global Invasive Species Programme), Paris. [Cited 21 September 2008.] Available from URL: http://www.gisp.org/publications/reports/index.asp
  • Meyer J.-Y., Loope L. L., Sheppard A., Munzinger J. & Jaffré T. (2006) Les plantes envahissantes et potentiellement envahissantes dans l'archipel néo-calédonien: première évaluation et recommandations de gestion. In: Les Espèces Envahissantes dans l'Archipel Néo-Calédonien, Part II (eds M.-L.Beauvais, A.Coléno & H.Jourdan) pp. 5298. IRD Éditions, Paris.
  • Mikola P. (1990) The role of ectomycorrhiza in forest nurseries. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 28, 34350.
  • Miller J. T. & Knowles F. B. (1994) Introduced Forest Trees in New Zealand: Recognition, Role and Seed Source. 14. Douglas-fir, Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirbel). Franco. Forest Research Institute Bulletin No. 124. Forest Research Institute, Rotorua.
  • Molina R., Massicotte H. & Trappe J. M. (1992) Specificity phenomena in mycorrhizal symbioses: community-ecological consequences and practical implications. In: Mycorrhizal Functioning: An Integrative Plant-Fungal Process (ed. M. F.Allen) pp. 357423. Chapman and Hall, New York.
  • Moody M. E. & Mack R. N. (1988) Controlling the spread of plant invasions: the importance of nascent foci. J. Appl. Ecol. 25, 100921.
  • Moran V. C., Hoffmann J. H., Donnelly D., Van Wilgen B. W. & Zimmermann H. G. (2000) Biological control of alien, invasive pine trees (Pinus species) in South Africa. In: Proceedings of the X International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds (ed. N. R.Spencer) pp. 94153. Montana State University, Bozeman.
  • Morat P., Jaffré T. & Veillon J. M. (1999) Menaces sur les taxons rares et endémiques de la Nouvelle-Calédonie. Bulletin de la Société Botanique du Centre-Ouest (SBCO) N° spécial 19, 12944.
  • Nuñez M. A. & Raffaele E. (2007) Afforestation causes changes in post-fire regeneration in native shrubland communities of northwestern Patagonia, Argentina. J. Veg. Sci. 18, 82734.
  • Nuñez M. A., Simberloff D. & Relva M. A. (2008) Seed predation as a barrier to alien conifer invasions. Biol. Invasions 10, 138998.
  • Nuñez M. A., Horton T. R. & Simberloff D. (2009) Lack of belowground mutualisms hinders Pinaceae invasions. Ecology 90, 23529.
  • Paritsis J. & Aizen M. A. (2008) Effects of exotic conifer plantations on the biodiversity of understory plants, epigeal beetles and birds in Nothofagus dombeyi forests. For. Ecol. Manage. 255, 157583.
  • Perez Castellano J. M. (1968) Selección de Escritos. Observaciones sobre Agricultura. Vol. 1 (Reprint of 1848 book). Ministerio de Cultura, Montevideo.
  • Petraglia C. & Dell'Acqua M. (2006) Actualización de la carta forestal del Uruguay con imágenes del año 2004. Ministerio de Ganadería, Agricultura y Pesca, Montevideo.
  • Peña E. & Pauchard A. (2001) Coniferas introducidas en áreas protegidas: un riesgo para la biodiversidad. Bosque Nativo 29, 37.
  • Peña E., Langdon B. & Pauchard A. (2007) Árboles exóticos naturalizados en el bosque nativo chileno. Bosque Nativo 40, 37.
  • Peña E., Hidalgo M., Langdon B. & Pauchard A. (2008) Patterns of spread of Pinus contorta Dougl. ex Loud. invasion in a natural reserve in southern South America. For. Ecol. Manage. 256, 104954.
  • Plevich J., Nuñez C., Cantero J., Demaestri M. & Viale S. (2002) Biomasa del pastizal bajo diferentes densidades de pino (Pinus elliottii). Agroforesteria en las Américas 9, 1923.
  • Pyšek P., Richardson D. M., Rejmánek M., Webster G. L., Williamson M. & Kirschner J. (2004) Alien plants in checklists and floras: towards better communication between taxonomists and ecologists. Taxon 53, 13143.
  • Ralston M. (1997) Wilding trees. Centre for Mountain Studies (Lincoln University) Newsletter 4, 25.
  • Read D. J. (1998) The mycorrhizal status of Pinus. In: Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus (ed. D. M.Richardson) pp. 32440. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Rejmánek M. & Richardson D. M. (1996) What attributes make some plant species more invasive? Ecology 77, 16651.
  • Richardson D. M. & Brown P. J. (1986) Invasion of mesic mountain fynbos by Pinus radiata. S. Afr. J. Bot. 52, 52936.
  • Richardson D. M. & Cowling R. M. (1992) Why is mountain fynbos invasible and which species invade? In: Fire in South African Mountain Fynbos: Ecosystem, Community and Species Responses at Swartboskloof (eds B. W.Van Wilgen, D. M.Richardson, F. J.Kruger & H. J.Hensbergen) pp. 16189. Springer, Berlin.
  • Richardson D. M. & Higgins S. L. (1998) Pines as invaders in the southern hemisphere. In: Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus (ed. D. M.Richardson) pp. 45073. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Richardson D. M. & Petit R. J. (2005) Pines as invasive aliens: outlook on transgenic pine plantations in the southern hemisphere. In: Landscapes, Genomics and Transgenic Conifer Forests (ed. C. G.Williams) pp. 16988. Springer, Dordrecht.
  • Richardson D. M., Cowling R. M. & Le Maitre D. C. (1990) Assessing the risk of invasive success in Pinus and Banksia in South African mountain fynbos. J. Veg. Sci. 1, 62942.
  • Richardson D. M., Williams P. A. & Hobbs R. J. (1994) Pine invasions in the Southern Hemisphere: determinants of spread and invadability. J. Biogeogr. 21, 51127.
  • Richardson D. M., Van Wilgen B. W., Higgins S. I., Trinder-Smith T. H., Cowling R. M. & McKelly D. H. (1996) Current and future threats to biodiversity on the Cape Peninsula. Biodivers. Conserv. 5, 60747.
  • Richardson D. M., Cambray J. A., Chapman R. A. et al. (2003) Vectors and pathways of biological invasions in South Africa – past, present, and future. In: Invasive Species. Vectors and Management Strategies (eds G. M.Ruiz & J. T.Carlton) pp. 292349. Island Press, Washington, D.C.
  • Richardson D. R., Van Wilgen B. W. & Nuñez M. A. (2008) Alien conifer invasions in South America: short fuse burning? Biol. Invasions 10, 5737.
  • Roche M. (1990) History of New Zealand Forestry. GP Books, Wellington.
  • Roche M. M. & Le Heron R. B. (1993) New Zealand: afforestation policy in eras of state regulation and deregulation. In: Afforestation: Policies, Planning and Progress (ed. A.Mather) pp. 14061. Belhaven Press, London.
  • Rouget M., Richardson D. M., Milton S. J. & Polakow D. (2001) Predicting invasion dynamics of four alien Pinus species in a highly fragmented semi-arid shrubland in South Africa. Plant Ecology 152, 7992.
  • Rouget M., Richardson D. M., Nel J. A. & Van Wilgen B. W. (2002) Commercially important trees as invasive aliens – towards spatially explicit risk assessment at a national scale. Biol. Invasions 4, 397412.
  • SAGPyA (Secretaria de Agricultura, Ganaderia, Pesca y Alimentación, Dirección de Forestación) (2001) Primer Inventario Nacional de Plantaciones Forestales. Aeroterra, Simons, Tecsult, Buenos Aires.
  • Sarasola M., Rusch V., Schlichter T. & Ghersa C. M. (2006) Invasión de coníferas forestales en áreas de estepa y bosques de ciprés de la cordillera en la Región Andino Patagónica. Ecologia Austral 16, 14356.
  • Schlichter T. & Laclau P. (1998) Ecotono estepa-bosque y plantaciones forestales en la Patagonia norte. Ecologia Austral 8, 28596.
  • Schmitz D. C., Simberloff D., Hofstetter R. H., Haller W. & Sutton D. (1997) The ecological impact of nonindigenous plants. In: Strangers in Paradise: Impact and Management of Nonindigenous Species in Florida (eds D.Simberloff, D. C.Schmitz & T. C.Brown) pp. 3961. Island Press, Washington, DC.
  • Scholes M. C. & Nowicki T. E. (1998) Effects of pines on soil properties and processes. In: Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus (ed. D. M.Richardson) pp. 34153. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Shaughnessy G. (1986) A case study of some woody plant introductions to the Cape Town area. In: The Ecology and Management of Biological Invasions in Southern Africa (eds I. A. W.Macdonald, F. J.Kruger & A. A.Ferrar) pp. 3743. Oxford University Press, Cape Town.
  • Shimizu J. Y. (2006) Pinus na silvicultura brasileira. Revista da Madeira 99, 414.
  • Sim T. R. (1927) Some effects of man's influence on the South African flora. S. Afr. J. Sci. 23, 492507.
  • Simberloff D. & Von Holle B. (1999) Positive interactions of nonindigenous species: invasional meltdown? Biol. Invasions 1, 2132.
  • Simberloff D., Relva M. A. & Nuñez M. (2002) Gringos en el bosque: introduced tree invasion in a native Nothofagus/Austrocedrus forest. Biol. Invasions 4, 3553.
  • Strauss S. H., Conventry P., Campbell M. M., Pryor S. N. & Burley J. (2001) Certification of genetically modified forest plantations. Int. For. Rev. 3, 85102.
  • Thomson G. M. (1922) The Naturalisation of Animals and Plants in New Zealand. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Van Der Sommen F. J. (1978) The colonization by Pinus radiata D. Don of eucalypt dominated communities in South Australia (MSc Thesis). University of Adelaide.
  • Van Der Zel D. W. (1995) Accomplishments and dynamics of the South African afforestation permit system. S. Afr. J. For. 172, 4958.
  • Van Wilgen B., Richardson D. & Higgins S. (2000) Integrated control of invasive alien plants in terrestrial ecosystems. In: Best Management Practices for Preventing and Controlling Invasive Alien Species, Symposium Proceedings (eds G.Preston, G.Brown & E.Van Wyk) pp. 11828. The Working for Water Programme, Cape Town.
  • Van Wyk D. B. (1987) Some effects of afforestation on streamflow in the Western Cape Province, South Africa. Water SA 13, 316.
  • Veblen T. T., Kitzberger T., Raffaele E. & Lorenz D. (2003) Fire history and vegetation changes in northern Patagonia, Argentina. In: Fire and Climatic Change in Temperate Ecosystems of the Western Americas (eds T. T.Veblen, W. L.Baker, G.Montenegro & T. W.Swetnam) pp. 26596. Springer, New York.
  • Villegas Suárez E. (1941) Los Bosques de Maldonado. In: Almanaque del Banco de Seguros del Estado pp. 1835. Banco de Seguros del Estado, Montevideo.
  • Virtue J. G. & Melland R. L. (2003) The environmental weed risk of revegetation and forestry plants. Report DWLBC 2003/02. South Australia Department of Land, Water and Biodiversity, Adelaide.
  • Vitousek P. M. (1990) Biological invasions and ecosystem processes; towards an integration of population biology and ecosystem studies. Oikos 57, 713.
  • Von Holle B., Delcourt H. & Simberloff D. (2003) Biological inertia and its application in studies of ecological resistance to invasion. J. Veg. Sci. 14, 42532.
  • Wardle D. A. (2002) Communities and Ecosystems: Linking the Aboveground and Belowground Components. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
  • Wardle P. (1985a) New Zealand timberlines. 1. Growth and survival of native and introduced trees in the Craigieburn Range, Canterbury. N. Z. J. Bot. 23, 21934.
  • Wardle P. (1985b) New Zealand timberlines. 3. A synthesis. N. Z. J. Bot. 23, 26371.
  • Wells M. J., Poynton R. J., Balsinhas A. A., Musil K. J., Joffe H., Van Hoepen E. & Abbott S. K. (1986) The history of introduction of invasive alien plants to southern Africa. In: The Ecology and Management of Biological Invasions in Southern Africa (eds I. A. W.Macdonald, F. J.Kruger & A. A.Ferrar) pp. 2135. Oxford University Press, Cape Town.
  • Williams M. C. & Wardle G. M. (2005) The invasion of two native Eucalypt forests by Pinus radiata in the Blue Mountains, New South Wales, Australia. Biol. Conserv. 125, 5564.
  • Williams P. A. & Cameron E. K. (2006) Creating gardens: the diversity and progression of European plant introductions. In: Biological Invasions in New Zealand (eds R. B.Allen & W. G.Lee) pp. 3347. Springer, Berlin.
  • Wittenberg R. & Cock M. J. W. (2001) Invasive Alien Species: A Toolkit of Best Prevention and Management Practices. CAB International, Wallingford.
  • Zalba S. M. (1995) Plantas Leñosas Exóticas en el Parque Provincial Ernesto Tornquist (Buenos Aires). Evaluación de Impacto y Propuesta de Control (MSc Thesis). Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina.
  • Zalba S. M. (2000) El pastizal pampeano, los árboles exóticos y la fauna silvestre: un problema con múltiples dimensiones. In: Situation Ambiental Argentina 2000 (eds C.Bertonatti & J.Corcuera) pp. 3327. Fundación Vida Silvestre, Buenos Aires.
  • Zalba S. M. & Villamil C. B. (2002) Woody plant invasion in relictual grasslands. Biol. Invasions 4, 5572.
  • Zalba S. M., Cuevas Y. A. & Boó R. (2008) Aleppo pine invasion after a wildfire in an Argentinian grassland nature reserve. J. Environ. Manage. 88, 53946.
  • Zanchetta D. & Diniz F. V. (2006) Estudo da contaminação biológica por Pinus spp. em três diferentes áreas na estação ecológica de Itirapina (SP, Brasil). Revista do Instituto Florestal 18, 114.
  • Zenni R. D. (2005) Invasão biológica de arvores do gênero Pinus nos campos de altitude da serra do mar. Paranaense. In: I Simpósio Brasileiro sobre Espécies Exóticas Invasoras, Brasília: Ministério do Meio Ambiente [Cited 26 May 2007.] Available from URL: http://www.mma.gov.br/invasoras/capa/docs/paineis/veg_rafael_zenni.pdf
  • Ziller S. R. (2000) A Estepe Gramineo-Lenhosa no Segundo Planalto do Paraná: Diagnóstico Ambiental com Enfoque à Contaminacão Biológica (PhD Thesis). Universidade Federal do Paraná.
  • Ziller S. R. & Galvão F. (2002) A degradação da estepe gramíneo-lenhosa no Paraná por contaminação biológica de Pinus elliottii e P. taeda. Revista Floresta 32, 417.