Endoscopic submucosal dissection for early gastric cancer using the tip of an electrosurgical snare (thin type)

Authors


Naohisa Yahagi, Department of Gastroenterology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan. Email: yahagi-tky@umin.ac.jp

Abstract

Background:  Although the strip biopsy method and aspiration method are popular endoscopic mucosal resection techniques for its convenience and reliability, they have limitations in resectable tumor size and location. Endoscopic submucosal dissection techniques using the diathermic needle knife or the insulated-tip diathermic knife have been introduced to overcome this disadvantage, but they have high risks for bleeding and perforation. Therefore, we have developed a new endoscopic submucosal dissection technique using the tip of an electrosurgical snare (thin type) and assessed its efficacy.

Methods:  Fifty-nine lesions with differentiated-type gastric cancer without ulceration were treated with our technique at the University Hospital. The tip of an electrosurgical snare (thin type) was used for mucosal incision and submucosal dissection as a flexible diathermic knife.

Results:  The size of tumor was 5–85 mm in diameter (mean size: 29 mm) and the location varied from cardia to antrum. Among 59 lesions, 56 lesions (56/59, 95%) were resected completely in an en-bloc fashion with much less perforation (2/59, 3.4%) and bleeding (1/59, 1.7%) regardless of their size and location.

Conclusion:  New endoscopic submucosal dissection technique using the tip of an electrosurgical snare (thin type) is safe and reliable. We were able to resect early gastric cancer with a much higher en-bloc resection rate and fewer complications using this technique.

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