We carried out a retrospective questionnaire survey of 792 submucosal colorectal carcinoma (CRC) cases from 15 institutions affiliated with the Colorectal Endoscopic Resection Standardization Implementation Working Group in Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum. In these cases, endoscopic resection (ER) and surveillance was carried out without additional surgical resection. Local recurrence or metastasis was observed in 18 cases. Local submucosal recurrence was observed in 11 cases, and metastatic recurrence was observed in 13 cases. Among the 15 cases in which the depth of submucosal invasion was measured, two cases showed depth less than 1000 µm, which has other risk factors for metastasis. Metastatic recurrence was observed in the lung, liver, lymph node, bone, adrenal glands, and the brain; in some cases, metastatic recurrence was observed in multiple organs. Death due to primary disease was observed in six cases. The average interval between ER and recurrence was 19.7 ± 9.2 months. In 16 cases, recurrence was observed within 3 years after ER. Thus, validity of ER without additional surgical resection for cases with the conditions that the depth of submucosal invasion is less than 1000 µm and the histological grade is well or moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma with no lymphatic and venous involvement was proven.