SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Chew SJ, Chia SC, Lee LKH. The pattern of myopia in young Singaporean men. Singapore Med J 1988; 29: 201211.
  • 2
    Lin LL, Shih YF, Lee YC, Hung PT, Hou PK. Changes in ocular refraction and its components among medical students. A 5-year longitudinal study. Optom Vis Sci 1996; 73: 495498.
  • 3
    Curtin BJ. The Myopias: Basic Science and Clinical Management. Philadelphia: Harper & Row, 1985. p 277347.
  • 4
    Tano Y. Pathologic myopia: where are we now? Am J Ophthalmol 2002; 134: 645660.
  • 5
    Vongphanit J, Mitchell P, Wang JJ. Prevalence and progression of myopic retinopathy in an older population. Ophthalmology 2002; 109: 704711.
  • 6
    Goss DA, Grosvenor T. Rates of childhood myopia progression with bifocals as afunction of nearpoint phoria: consistency of three studies. Optom Vis Sci 1990; 67: 637640.
  • 7
    Goss DA, Uyesugi EF. Effectiveness of bifocal control of childhood myopia progression as a function of near point phoria and binocular cross-cylinder. J Optom Vis Dev 1995; 26: 1217.
  • 8
    Fulk GW, Cyert LA, Parker DE. A randomized trial of the effect of single-vision vs. bifocal lenses on myopia progression in children with esophoria. Optom Vis Sci 2000; 77: 395401.
  • 9
    Fulk GW, Cyert LA, Parker DE. A randomized clinical trial of bifocal glasses for myopic children with esophoria: results after 54 months. J Am Optom Assoc 2002; 73: 470476.
  • 10
    Edwards MH, Li RW, Lam CS, Lew JK, Yu BS. The Hong Kong progressive lens myopia control study: study design and main findings. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2002; 43: 28522858.
  • 11
    Gwiazda J, Hyman L, Hussein M, Everett D, Norton T, Kurtz D, Leske M, Manny R, Marsh-Tootle W, Scheiman M. A randomized clinical trial of progressive addition lenses versus single vision lenses on the progression of myopia in children. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2003; 44: 14921500.
  • 12
    Gwiazda J, Hyman L, Norton T, Hussein M, Marsh-Tootle W, Manny R, Wang Y, Everett D. Accommodative and related risk factors associated with myopia progression and their interaction with treatment in COMET children. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2004; 45: 21432151.
  • 13
    Wildsoet C. Active emmetropization—evidence for its existence and ramifications for clinical practice. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 1997; 17: 279290.
  • 14
    Hasebe S, Nakatsuka C, Hamasaki I, Ohtsuki H. Downward deviation of progressive addition lenses in a myopia control trial. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2005; 25: 310314.
  • 15
    Aller TA, Grisham JD. Myopia progression control using bifocal contact lenses. Optom Vis Sci 2000; 77 (12s): 187.
  • 16
    Aller TA. Myopia progression with bifocal contact lenses—a twin study. Optom Vis Sci 2002; 79 (12s): 179.
  • 17
    Aller TA. Myopia progression in a twin pair with bifocal soft contact lenses—second year results after a single crossover. Optom Vis Sci 2003; 80 (12s): 110.
  • 18
    Fledelius HC. Ophthalmic changes from age of 10 to 18 years: a longitudinal study of sequels to low birth weight, IV: ultrasound oculometry of vitreous and axial length. Acta Ophthalmol Scand 1982; 60: 402411.
  • 19
    Gilmartin B. Myopia: precedents for research in the twenty-first century. Clin Experiment Ophthalmol 2004; 32: 305324.
  • 20
    Saw S-M, Chan EC-Y, Koh A, Tan D. Interventions to retard myopia progression in children: an evidence-based update. Ophthalmology 2002; 109: 415421.
  • 21
    Shih YF, Ho TC, Hsiao CK, Lin LL. Visual outcomes for high myopic patients with or without myopic maculopathy: a 10 year follow up study. Br J Ophthalmol 2006; 90: 546550.
  • 22
    Wilson LB, Quinn GE, Ying GS, Francis EL, Schmid G, Lam A, Orlow J, Stone RA. The relation of axial length and intraocular pressure fluctuations in human eyes. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2006; 47: 17781784.
  • 23
    Stone RA, Quinn GE, Francis EL, Ying GS, Flitcroft DI, Parekh P, Brown J, Orlow J, Schmid G. Diurnal axial length fluctuations in human eyes. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2004; 45: 6370.
  • 24
    Seidemann A, Schaeffel F. An evaluation of the lag of accommodation using photorefraction. Vision Res 2003; 43: 419430.
  • 25
    Shapiro J, Kelly J, Howland H. Accommodative state of young adults using reading spectacles. Vision Res 2005; 45: 233245.
  • 26
    Tarrant J, Severson H, Wildsoet CF. How accurate is accommodation through bifocal soft contact lenses? Invest Ophthal Vis Sci 2005; ARVO E-Abstract 5596.
  • 27
    Martin JA, Roorda A. Predicting and assessing visual performance with multizone bifocal contact lenses. Optom Vis Sci 2003; 80: 812819.
  • 28
    Wildsoet C, Collins M. Competing defocus stimuli of opposite sign produce opposite effects in eyes with intact and sectioned optic nerves in the chick. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2000; ARVO Suppl,41: S738.
  • 29
    Smith EL III, Kee C-S, Ramamirtham R, Qiao-Grider Y, Hung L-F. Peripheral vision can influence eye growth and refractive development in infant monkeys. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2005; 46: 39653972.
  • 30
    Diether S, Schaeffel F. Local changes in eye growth induced by imposed local refractive error despite active accommodation. Vision Res 1997; 37: 659668.
  • 31
    Hammond CJ, Snieder H, Gilbert CE, Spector TD. Genes and environment in refractive error: the twin eye study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2001; 42: 12321236.