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- MULTIPLE FACTORS LEADING TO RETINAL GANGLION CELL APOPTOSIS AND OPTIC NERVE DAMAGE
- ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN DIABETES MELLITUS AND OTHER DISEASES
- HOW MIGHT DIABETES AND GLAUCOMA BE LINKED?
- LABORATORY EVIDENCE LINKING DIABETES AND GLAUCOMA
- DISEASE MECHANISMS COMMON TO DIABETES AND GLAUCOMA
Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness. It is a multifactorial condition, the risk factors for which are increasingly well defined from large-scale epidemiological studies. One risk factor that remains controversial is the presence of diabetes. It has been proposed that diabetic eyes are at greater risk of injury from external stressors, such as elevated intraocular pressure. Alternatively, diabetes may cause ganglion cell loss, which becomes additive to a glaucomatous ganglion cell injury. Several clinical trials have considered whether a link exists between diabetes and glaucoma. In this review, we outline these studies and consider the causes for their lack of concordant findings. We also review the biochemical and cellular similarities between the two conditions. Moreover, we review the available literature that attempts to answer the question of whether the presence of diabetes increases the risk of developing glaucoma. At present, laboratory studies provide robust evidence for an association between diabetes and glaucoma.